All cities having more than one hundred thousand and less than three hundred thousand inhabitants shall be known as cities of the primary class. The population of a city of the primary class shall consist of the people residing within the territorial boundaries of such city and the residents of any territory duly and properly annexed to such city.
Whenever any city not of the metropolitan class shall attain a population of over one hundred thousand inhabitants, and such fact shall be duly certified by the mayor thereof to the Governor under seal, he shall by proclamation declare such city to be of the primary class.
The government of such city shall continue in authority from the date of such proclamation until reorganization as a city of the primary class.
The corporate limits of such city shall remain as before and the city council may by ordinance at any time include within the corporate limits of such city any contiguous or adjacent lands, lots, tracts, streets, or highways such distance and in such direction as may be deemed proper, and may include, annex, merge or consolidate with such city by such extension of its corporate limits, any village which is within the limits of such city, and which it serves with water service or supply or with a sanitary sewerage system and service, or both such water and sanitary sewerage service. Such city shall have power by ordinance to compel owners of land so brought within the corporate limits to lay out streets and public ways to conform to and be continuous with the streets and ways of such city, or otherwise as appears best for the convenience of the inhabitants of such city and the public. It may vacate any public road established through such land when necessary to secure regularity in the general system of its public ways.
Land shall be deemed contiguous although a stream, embankments, strip or parcel of land, not more than five hundred feet wide, lies between such land and the corporate limits.
The proprietor of any land within the corporate limits of a city of the primary class or contiguous thereto may lay out such land into lots, blocks, public ways, and other grounds under the name of ................. addition to the city of .................. and shall cause an accurate plat thereof to be made, designating explicitly the land so laid out and particularly describing the lots, blocks, public ways, and grounds belonging to such addition. The lots shall be designated by number and by street. Public ways and other grounds shall be designated by name and by number. Such plat shall be acknowledged before some officer authorized to take acknowledgment of deeds and shall have appended to it a certificate made by a registered land surveyor that he or she has accurately surveyed such addition and that the lots, blocks, public ways, and other grounds are staked and marked as required by such city.
When such plat is made, acknowledged, and certified, complies with the requirements of section 15-901, and is approved by the city planning commission, such plat shall be filed and recorded in the office of the register of deeds and county assessor of the county. In lieu of approval by the city planning commission, the city council may designate specific types of plats which may be approved by the city planning director. No plat shall be recorded in the office of the register of deeds or have any force or effect unless such plat is approved by the city planning commission or the city planning director. The plat shall, after being filed with the register of deeds, be equivalent to a deed in fee simple absolute to the city, from the proprietor, of all streets, all public ways, squares, parks, and commons, and such portion of the land as is therein set apart for public use or dedicated to charitable, religious, or educational purposes.
All additions thus laid out shall remain a part of the city, and all additions, except those additions as set forth in sections 15-106.01 and 15-106.02, laid out adjoining or contiguous to the corporate limits of a city of the primary class shall be included therein and become a part of the city for all purposes. The inhabitants of such addition shall be entitled to all the rights and privileges and subject to all the laws, ordinances, rules, and regulations of the city. The mayor and city council shall have power by ordinance to compel owners of any such addition to lay out streets and public ways to correspond in width and direction and to be continuous with the streets and public ways in the city or additions contiguous to or near the proposed addition.
No addition shall have any validity, right, or privilege as an addition unless the terms and conditions of such ordinance and of this section are complied with, the plats thereof are submitted to and approved by the city planning commission or the city planning director, and the approval of the city planning commission or the city planning director is endorsed thereon. The city council may provide procedures in land subdivision regulations for appeal by any person aggrieved by any action of the city planning commission or city planning director on any plat.
Commencing on April 17, 1982, an addition which has been approved pursuant to section 15-106 and is adjoining or contiguous to the corporate boundaries of the city but which includes land which lies wholly or partially (1) outside of the area designated and described as being for future urban uses in the comprehensive plan adopted by the city pursuant to sections 15-1102 and 15-1103 and (2) within a zoning district adopted pursuant to section 15-902 which allows a residential density of not more than one dwelling per acre shall be included within the corporate limits of the city only upon the enactment of a city ordinance specifically annexing such addition.
Commencing on April 17, 1982, an addition which has been approved pursuant to section 15-106 and is adjoining or contiguous to the corporate boundaries of the city, but which (1) includes land which lies wholly or partially within the area designated as being for future urban uses in the comprehensive plan adopted by the city pursuant to sections 15-1102 and 15-1103 and (2) is set aside in such comprehensive plan as an agricultural-industrial reserve shall be included within the corporate limits of the city only upon the enactment of a city ordinance specifically annexing such addition.
The corporate name of each city of the primary class shall be The City of ............. . All process affecting any such city shall be served in the manner provided for service of a summons in a civil action.
When any city shall be incorporated as a city of the primary class, all its trusts, rights, and privileges shall be transmitted to and be invested in such latter corporation.
Precinct lines in that part of the county not under township organization within the corporate limits of a city of the primary class shall correspond in number with the ward and be coextensive therewith; Provided, when a ward is divided into election districts, the precinct corresponding with such ward shall be divided to correspond with the election district.
A city of the second class or village, which adjoins a city of the primary class, as well as other villages either adjoining such city of the second class or villages, or supplied in whole or in part with gas, electric light, or street transportation service or supply from manufacturing or power plants and systems mainly located in and maintained and operated mainly from chief headquarters or offices within such city of the primary class, may be consolidated with such city of the primary class in the manner hereinafter set out. It shall be the duty of the officers of such cities of the second class and villages twenty days prior to any general city or village election, to submit to the electors thereof at such general city or village election whenever petitioned to do so by twenty percent of the qualified electors thereof, the question of the consolidation of such adjoining cities or villages with the city of the primary class. Such question shall be submitted in substantially the following form:
Shall the city of ........... be consolidated with the city of ........... ? Or, as the case may be, Shall the village of .......... be consolidated with the city of .......... ? The ballot shall provide in the usual manner for a Yes and No vote on the question.
If at such election a majority of the vote cast in such municipality shall be in favor of such consolidation, the result shall be certified to the city council of the city of the primary class. If the city council of such city of the primary class approves of the consolidation, an ordinance shall be passed extending the limits of such city to include all the territory of the city of the second class or village voting for consolidation, and the city or cities, village or villages, so consolidated with the city of the primary class shall become a part thereof.
Whenever any city of the primary class shall extend its boundaries so as to annex any village, or whenever there is consolidation taking effect in the manner herein provided, the charter, laws, ordinances, powers, and government of such city of the primary class, shall at once extend over the territory embraced within any such city or village so annexed or consolidated with it; and such city of the primary class shall succeed to all the property and property rights of every kind, contracts, obligations, and choses in action of every kind held by or belonging to the city or village so annexed or consolidated with it; and it shall be liable for and assume and carry out all valid contracts, obligations, franchises, and licenses of any such city or village so annexed or consolidated with it. Such city or village so annexed or consolidated with such city of the primary class shall be deemed fully compensated by virtue of such annexation or consolidation and the said assumption of its obligations and contracts for all its property and property rights of every kind so acquired. Any public franchise granted to or held by any person or corporation from such city of the primary class, before such consolidation or annexation, shall not by virtue of such consolidation or annexation be extended into, upon or over the streets or public places of the city or village so consolidated with or annexed by such city. Any public franchise, license or privilege granted to or held by any person or corporation from any of the cities or villages consolidated with or annexed by such city of the primary class before such consolidation or annexation shall not by virtue of such consolidation be extended into, upon or over the streets, alleys or public places of the city of the primary class involved in such consolidation or annexation.
All taxes, assessments, fines, licenses, fees, claims, and demands of every kind assessed or levied against persons or property within any such city of the second class or village thus consolidated with or annexed by any such city of the primary class, shall be paid to and collected by such city of the primary class.
All taxes and special assessments which such city of the second class or village so consolidated or annexed was authorized to levy or assess and which are not levied or assessed at the time of such consolidation or annexation for any kind of public improvements made by it or in process of construction or contracted for, may be levied or assessed by such city of the primary class as consolidated or annexed, and such city of the primary class shall have power to reassess all special assessments or taxes levied or assessed by any such city of the second class or village thus consolidated or annexed with it, in all cases where such city of the second class or village is authorized to make reassessments or relevies of such taxes and assessments.
All actions at law or in equity pending in any court in favor of or against any city of the second class or village thus consolidated with or annexed by such city of the primary class at the time such consolidation or annexation takes effect, shall be prosecuted by or defended by such city of the primary class as the case may be, and all rights of action existing against any city of the second class or village consolidated with or annexed by such city of the primary class at the time of such consolidation or annexation or accruing thereafter on account of any transaction had with or under any law or ordinance of such city of the second class or village, may be prosecuted against such city of the primary class as consolidated.
All officers of any city of the second class or village so consolidated with or annexed by such city of the primary class having books, papers, records, bonds, funds, effects or property of any kind in their hands or under their control belonging to any such city of the second class or village, shall upon taking effect of such consolidation or annexation deliver the same to the respective officers of such city of the primary class as may be by law or ordinance or limitation of such city entitled or authorized to receive the same. Upon such consolidation or annexation taking effect, the terms and tenure of all offices and officers of any such city of the second class or village so consolidated with or annexed by such city of the primary class shall terminate and entirely cease.
Cities of the primary class shall be bodies corporate and politic and shall have power:
(1) To sue and be sued;
(2) To purchase, lease, or otherwise acquire as authorized by their home rule charters or state statutes real estate or personal property within or without the limits of the city for its use for a public purpose;
(3) To purchase real or personal property upon sale for general or special taxes or assessments and to lease, sell, convey, or exchange such property so purchased;
(4) To sell, convey, exchange, or lease real or personal property owned by the city in such manner and upon such terms and conditions as shall be deemed in the best interests of the city as authorized by its home rule charter, except that real estate owned by the city may be conveyed without consideration to the State of Nebraska for state armory sites or, if acquired for state armory sites, shall be conveyed in the manner strictly as provided in sections 18-1001 to 18-1006;
(5) To make contracts and do all acts relative to the property and concerns of the city necessary or incident or appropriate to the exercise of its corporate powers, including powers granted by the Constitution of Nebraska or exercised by or pursuant to a home rule charter adopted pursuant thereto and including the power to execute such bonds and obligations on the part of the city as may be required in judicial proceedings;
(6) To purchase, construct, and otherwise acquire, own, maintain, and operate public service and public utility property and facilities within and without the limits of the city and to redeem such property from prior encumbrance in order to protect or preserve the interest of the city therein and to exercise such other and further powers as may be necessary or incident or appropriate to the powers of such city, including powers granted by the Constitution of Nebraska or exercised by or pursuant to a home rule charter adopted pursuant thereto. If the public service or public utility property or facility is located outside the limits of the city but within the zoning jurisdiction of another political subdivision, the city and the other political subdivision may by interlocal agreement provide or exchange services, including utility services, relating to the property or facilities;
(7) To receive grants, devises, donations, and bequests of money or property for public purposes in trust or otherwise; and
(8) To provide for the planting, maintenance, protection, and removal of shade, ornamental, and other useful trees upon the streets or boulevards; to assess the cost thereof, when appropriate, as a special assessment against the property specially benefited to the extent of benefits received; and to provide by general ordinance for the manner in which such benefits are to be measured and the assessments calculated and the means of notice to the owners of the record title of the property proposed to be improved, including a written statement of the proposed benefits and an estimate of the costs to be assessed according to the method of assessment. The city may create districts by ordinance which shall designate the property within the district to be benefited and the method of assessment. Notwithstanding the provisions of any city charter and except as provided below, no such improvement shall be finally ordered by the city council until a petition, signed by the owners of the record title of property within the proposed district which would be subject to more than fifty percent of the total of all special assessments to be levied for the purposes authorized by this subdivision, is presented and filed with the city clerk petitioning therefor. The sufficiency of the petitions and objections so presented and the sufficiency of notice as provided in this subdivision shall be determined by the city council and its determination thereof shall be conclusive in the absence of objections made and presented to the city council prior to the letting of the contract for the improvement. If an assessment district is proposed without a prior authorizing petition as described in this subdivision, the owners of the record title of property within the proposed district which would be subject to more than fifty percent of the total of all special assessments to be levied for the purposes authorized by this subdivision may, by petition, stop formation of such district. Such written protest shall be submitted to the city council or clerk within thirty calendar days after publication of notice concerning the ordinance in a newspaper of general circulation in the city.
The powers shall be exercised by the mayor and council of the city except in cases otherwise specified by law. The mayor and council shall adopt a corporate seal for the use of any officer, board, or agent of the city whose duties require an official seal.
Any jurisdiction or authority which a city of the primary class may exercise outside of its corporate limits by authority of state law may be exercised by such city outside of the county in which it is located.
In addition to any other powers granted to it by law, a city of the primary class may enter into installment contracts for the purchase of real or personal property. Such contracts need not be restricted to a single year and may provide for the purchase of the property in installment payments to be paid over more than one fiscal year. This section shall be in addition to and notwithstanding the provisions of a home rule charter.
A city of the primary class shall have power to levy taxes for general revenue purposes on all property within the corporate limits of the city taxable according to the laws of Nebraska and to levy an occupation tax on public service property or corporations in such amounts as may be proper and necessary, in the judgment of the mayor and council, for purposes of revenue. All such taxes shall be uniform with respect to the class upon which they are imposed. The occupation tax may be based upon a certain percentage of the gross receipts of such public service corporation or upon such other basis as may be determined upon by the mayor and council and shall be imposed in the manner provided in section 18-1208, except that section 18-1208 does not apply to an occupation tax subject to section 86-704.
A city of the primary class shall have power to raise revenue by levying and collecting a license or occupation tax on any person, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or business within the limits of the city and regulate the same by ordinance except as otherwise provided in this section and in section 15-212. The occupation tax shall be imposed in the manner provided in section 18-1208, except that section 18-1208 does not apply to an occupation tax subject to section 86-704. All such taxes shall be uniform in respect to the class upon which they are imposed. All scientific and literary lectures and entertainments shall be exempt from such taxation as well as concerts and all other musical entertainments given exclusively by the citizens of the city.
A primary city shall have power to levy any other tax or special assessment authorized by law, and to appropriate money and provide for the payment of the debts and expenses of the city.
A primary city shall have power to remove all obstructions from the sidewalk, curbstones, gutters, and crosswalks at the expense of the owners or occupants of the grounds fronting thereon, or at the expense of the person placing the same there; and to regulate the building of bulkheads, cellars, and basement ways, stairways, railways, window and doorways, awnings, hitching posts and rails, lampposts, awning posts, and all other structures upon or over adjoining excavations through or under the sidewalks of the city.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to regulate the transportation of articles through the streets, to prevent injuries to the streets from overloaded vehicles, and to provide for a vehicle license or tax.
A primary city shall have power to prevent and remove all encroachments on streets, avenues, alleys, and other city property; prevent and punish horseracing, fast driving or riding in the streets, highways, alleys, bridges or places in the city, and all games, practices or amusements therein likely to result in damage to any person or property; to regulate the riding, driving or passing along any street of the city, and to regulate, prevent and punish the riding, driving or passing of horses, mules, oxen, cattle or teams, or any vehicle drawn thereby over, upon or across sidewalks; to regulate and prevent the use of streets, sidewalks, and public grounds for signs, signposts, awnings, telegraph, telephone or other poles, racks, bulletin boards, and the posting of handbills and advertisements; to regulate traffic and sales upon the streets; to prohibit and punish cruelty to animals; to regulate and prevent the moving of buildings through or upon the streets.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to regulate levees, depots, depot grounds and places for storing freight and goods, and to provide for and regulate the passing of railways through the streets and public grounds of the city, reserving the rights of all persons injured thereby.
A primary city shall have power to acquire, hold, and improve public grounds, parks, playgrounds, swimming pools, recreation centers, or any other park or recreational use or facility within or without the limits of the city, to provide for the protection and preservation and use of such grounds, parks, and other uses and facilities, to provide for the planting and protection of trees, to erect and construct or aid in the erection and construction of statues, memorials, works of art and other structures upon any public grounds of the city or state or political subdivision thereof, and to receive grants, devises, donations and bequests of money or property for the above purposes in trust or otherwise.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to require any and all lots or pieces of ground within the city to be drained or filled so as to prevent stagnant water or any other nuisance accumulating thereon. Upon the failure of the owners of such lots or pieces of ground to fill or drain the same when so required, the council may cause such lots or pieces of ground to be drained or filled, and the cost and expenses thereof shall be levied upon the property so filled or drained, and collected as any other special tax.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to prevent forestalling, prohibit or regulate huckstering, prescribe the kind and description of articles which may be sold and places to be occupied by vendors, and may authorize the immediate seizure and arrest or removal from the markets of persons violating regulations fixed by ordinance; together with articles of produce in their possession, and the immediate seizure and destruction of tainted or unsound meat or other provisions. Nothing herein shall be construed to authorize the council by ordinance to assess or impose any tax, assessment, fine or punishment on any farmer or producer for selling at any time within the city any article of provision or vegetables grown or produced by him.
A primary city shall have power to regulate, license or suppress halls, opera houses, churches, places of amusement, entertainment or instruction or other buildings used for the assembly of citizens. It may cause them to be provided with sufficient and ample means of exit and entrance, and to be supplied with necessary and appropriate appliances for the extinguishment of fires and for escape from such places in case of fire. It may prevent overcrowding and regulate the placing of seats, chairs, benches, scenery, curtains, blinds, screens or other appliances therein. It may provide that for any violation of any such regulation a penalty of not to exceed two hundred dollars shall be imposed, and that upon the conviction of any violation of any ordinance regulating such places, the license of such place shall be revoked by the mayor and council. Whenever the mayor or council shall by resolution declare any such place to be unsafe, the license thereof shall be thereby revoked; and the council may provide that in any case where they have so revoked the license, any owner, proprietor, manager, lessee or person, opening, using or permitting such place to be opened or used, involving the assembling of more than twelve persons, shall upon conviction thereof be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and fined in any sum not exceeding two hundred dollars.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to prescribe the thickness, strength, and manner of constructing stone, brick and other buildings, the number and construction of means of exit and entrance, and of fire escapes. It may require the keeper and proprietor of any hotel, boarding house or dormitory to provide and maintain such kind and number of ladders, ropes, balconies and stairways, and other appliances, as by ordinance may be prescribed to facilitate the escape of persons from any such building in case of fire.
A city of the primary class shall have power to regulate, license, or prohibit the sale of domestic animals, goods, wares, and merchandise at public auction in the streets, alleys, highways, or any public grounds within the city, and to regulate or license the auctioneering of goods, wares, and merchandise. If the applicant is an individual, an application for a license shall include the applicant's social security number.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to regulate or prohibit the running at large of cattle, hogs, horses, mules, sheep, goats, dogs, and other animals and to cause such as may be running at large to be impounded and sold to discharge the cost and penalties provided for violation of such prohibitions and the fees and expenses of impounding and keeping the same and of such sale.
A primary city shall have power to provide for the erection of all needful pens, pounds, and buildings for the use of the city, within or without such city limits, to appoint and compensate keepers thereof, and to establish and enforce rules governing the same.
A primary city shall have power to regulate, license, or prohibit the running at large of dogs and other animals and guard against injuries or annoyances therefrom, and to authorize the destruction of the same when running at large contrary to the provisions of any ordinance. Any licensing provision shall comply with subsection (2) of section 54-603 for service animals.
A primary city shall have power, by ordinance, to prevent any person from bringing, having, depositing or leaving upon or near his premises or elsewhere within the city any dead carcass, or other putrid beef, pork, fish, hides or skins of any kind, or any other unwholesome substance, and to compel the removal of the same.
A primary city shall have power to make contracts with and authorize any person, company or association to erect gas works, electric or other light works in said city, and give such person, company or association the privilege of furnishing light for the streets, lanes, and alleys of said city for any length of time not exceeding one year, or for any time not exceeding five years upon being authorized so to do by a majority vote of the electors of such city. The mayor and council shall not have power to grant a franchise for any purpose for a period longer than twenty-five years. Franchises to be granted for a longer period than twenty-five years shall be submitted to a vote of the people and shall require a majority vote of the electors of the city voting thereon at a general or special election. All franchise ordinances shall require three readings on three separate days before passage by the council.
A primary city shall have power to fix the rate of tax to be paid for the use of water furnished by the city or any person or corporation by means of waterworks, and provide by ordinance that any tax for the use of water furnished by said city shall be a lien upon the property where the same is furnished.
A primary city shall have power to establish, alter, and change the channel of watercourses, and to wall and cover them over, to establish, make, and regulate public wells, cisterns, aqueducts and reservoirs of water, and to provide for the filling of the same.
A primary city shall have power to provide for the organization of a fire department, to procure fire engines, hooks, ladders, buckets and other apparatus, to organize fire engine, hook, ladder and bucket companies, to prescribe rules of duty, and the government thereof, with such penalties as the council may deem proper, not exceeding a one-hundred-dollar fine, to make all necessary appropriations therefor, and to establish regulations for the prevention and extinguishment of fires.
The city council shall have power to create water districts for the purpose of supplying water for domestic, industrial, or fire purposes, or for the purpose of enlarging any water mains, now existing or hereafter constructed. All such districts, to be known as water districts, shall be created by ordinance and shall designate the property to be benefited. Upon creation of any water district, the city council shall have power to construct or cause to be constructed, either by contract with the lowest responsible bidder or directly by the city, such water main or mains, or extensions or enlargements, including all necessary appliances for fire protection, within such districts as the council shall determine, and assess the costs thereof against the property in such district, not exceeding the special benefits accruing on account thereof. The city council shall have power and authority to fix the period of time, not to exceed twenty years, in which the special assessments against any property for the payment of the cost of such improvements may be made. The city council shall have power and authority to issue bonds in accordance with the provisions of a home rule charter of the city or of state law.
A primary city is hereby authorized to acquire, either temporarily or permanently, lands, real or personal property or any interests therein, or any easements deemed to be necessary or desirable for any present or future necessary or authorized public purpose within or without the city by gift, agreement, purchase, condemnation, or otherwise. In all such cases the city shall make the person or persons whose property shall be taken or injured thereby adequate compensation therefor. The procedure to condemn property shall be exercised in the manner set forth in sections 76-704 to 76-724. A primary city shall have authority to enter upon any property to make surveys, examinations, investigations, and tests, and to acquire other necessary and relevant data in contemplation of establishing a location of a necessary or authorized public purpose, acquiring property therefor, or performing other operations incident to construction, reconstruction, or maintenance of such public purpose, and entry upon any property pursuant to this authority shall not be considered to be a legal trespass and no damages shall be recovered on that account alone. In case of any actual or demonstrable damages to the premises, the city shall pay the owner of the premises the amount of the damages. Upon the failure of the landowner and the city to agree upon the amount of damages, the landowner, in addition to any other available remedy, may file a petition as provided for in section 76-705. The entry by the city or its representatives shall be made only after notice of the entry and its purpose.
In connection with the acquisition of lands, property, or interests therein for a public purpose, the city may acquire by any lawful means, except through condemnation, an entire lot, block, or tract of land or property if, by so doing, the interests of the public will be best served, even though the entire lot, block, or tract is not immediately needed for public purposes. Without limiting such authority, this may be done where uneconomic remnants of land would be left the original owner or owners or where severance or consequential damages to a remainder make the acquisition of the entire parcel more economical to the city; Provided, that when any such property is left without access to a street and the cost of acquisition of such landlocked property or land through condemnation would be more economical to the city than the cost of providing a means of reasonable ingress to or egress from the property or land, the city may acquire such landlocked property or land by condemnation.
The city may acquire additional real property by gift, agreement, purchase, exchange, or condemnation if such additional real property is needed for the purpose of moving and establishing thereon buildings, structures, or other appurtenances which are situated on real property acquired by the city for a public purpose. The city may make agreements for the exchange of property, to make allowances for differences in the value of the properties being exchanged, and move or pay the cost of moving buildings, structures, or other appurtenances.
A primary city may establish, maintain, and operate public library facilities, purchase books, papers, maps and manuscripts therefor, receive donations and bequests of money or property for the same in trust or otherwise, and pass necessary bylaws and regulations for the protection and government of the same.
A primary city may purchase or otherwise acquire ground for and erect, establish, operate, regulate, and repair a city hospital or any hospital, the governing board of which is appointed by the mayor or council; to receive donations and bequests of money or property for the same in trust or otherwise; and to issue bonds of the city for acquiring, constructing, reconstructing, improving, extending, equipping, or furnishing such hospital facilities.
There shall be established such rules for the government of such hospital and admission of persons to its privileges as may be deemed expedient. No religious or sectarian association, organization or body shall be permitted to manage or control such hospital.
The council may enter into an agreement with a corporation or association organized for charitable purposes in such municipal corporation for the erection and management of a hospital for the sick and disabled, and have a permanent interest therein to an extent and upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon between the council and such corporation or association. The council shall provide for the payment of the amount agreed upon, for any interests therein so required, either in one payment or in installments, or so much from year to year as the parties may stipulate; Provided, such agreement shall not be made if the city shall have established a hospital as authorized by section 15-231. No such agreement shall extend more than one year.
(1) Governmental subdivision shall mean any city of the primary class and also any county in which a city of the primary class is the county seat thereof;
(2) Hospital shall mean any hospital organized pursuant to section 15-231, or any hospital or hospital facility established by a governmental subdivision in conjunction with or adjoining a hospital organized pursuant to section 15-231.
A governmental subdivision shall have the power to levy a tax, known as a hospital sinking-fund tax, upon all of the taxable property in its jurisdiction, which levy shall be in addition to all other authorized levies, for the use and benefit of the hospital, and the proceeds of such taxes when and as collected shall be set aside and deposited in the special account or accounts in which other revenue of the governmental subdivision is deposited. This levy shall be accumulated as a sinking fund by the governmental subdivision from fiscal year to fiscal year to provide funds for hospital improvements, maintenance, and operation.
All income, revenue, and profits of the hospital and money derived from such levy, or from grants, loans, or contributions from the United States, the State of Nebraska, or any agency or instrumentality of either of them, shall be held by the treasurer of the governmental subdivision having jurisdiction over the hospital, and the treasurer shall not commingle such money with any other money under his control. Such money shall be deposited in a separate bank account or accounts and shall be withdrawn only by check or draft signed by said treasurer on requisition of the chairman of the hospital board or such other person as the hospital board may authorize. The chief auditing officer of the governmental subdivision and his legally authorized representatives are hereby authorized and empowered from time to time to examine the accounts and books of such hospital board including its receipts, disbursements, contracts, leases, sinking funds, investments, and any other matters relating to its financial standing.
A governmental subdivision shall have the power and authority to invest and reinvest all idle funds in the hospital sinking fund, including but not limited to current tax receipts for such period of time as such funds are not immediately needed, in evidences of indebtedness of the United States Government and agencies thereof.
A primary city may make all such ordinances, bylaws, rules and regulations not inconsistent with the general laws of the state as may be necessary or expedient to promote the public health, safety and welfare, including ordinances, bylaws, rules and regulations as may be necessary or expedient to prevent the introduction or spread of contagious, infectious or malignant diseases. This power and authority is granted to such city in the area which is within the city or within three miles of the city and outside of any organized city or village. It may create a department of health, make laws and regulations for that purpose, and enforce all ordinances, bylaws, rules and regulations made as authorized herein as provided in section 15-263.
A primary city shall have power to regulate in the area which is within the city or within three miles of the city and outside the zoning jurisdiction of any organized city or village in order to secure the general health; to provide rules for the prevention, abatement and removal of nuisances, including the pollution of air and water; to make and prescribe regulations for the construction, location and regulation of all slaughterhouses, stockyards, warehouses, commercial feed lots, stables or other places where offensive matter is kept, or is likely to accumulate.
A primary city shall have power by ordinance to regulate and prohibit cesspools and privy vaults in said city, and shall have power to require the owner or owners of any lot, lots or lands within said cities, upon which any building or buildings are located, to connect said building or buildings with a sewer, provide same with a suitable privy or watercloset, to connect said privy or watercloset with a sewer, and to require said owner or owners to keep all privy vaults and cesspools clean. Upon the refusal to connect with a sewer or failure of said owner or owners to provide a suitable watercloset or privy, or to make any sewer connection, or to remove any privy vault or cesspool, or to clean the same, after five days' notice by publication, or in place thereof, personal notice to so do, then said city, through its proper officers, shall have power to make any sewer connection, construct any watercloset or privy, regulate or remove any privy vault or cesspool, or clean the same, or cause the same to be done, and shall have the power to provide by ordinance for assessing the cost thereof by special assessment against the lot, lots or lands of said owner.
A primary city may purchase, hold and pay for, in the manner herein provided, lands outside the limits of such city for the purpose of burial and cemetery grounds, and avenues leading thereto.
A primary city may survey, plot, map, grade, fence, ornament and otherwise improve all burial and cemetery grounds and avenues leading thereto owned by said city. It may construct walks, rear and protect ornamental trees therein, and provide for paying the expenses thereof.
A primary city may convey cemetery lots owned by such city by certificates signed by the mayor and countersigned by the clerk under seal of the city, specifying that the person to whom the same is issued is owner of the lot or lots described therein by number as laid down on such plat or map, for the purpose of interment. Such certificate shall vest in the proprietor, his or her heirs and assigns, a right in fee simple to such lot or lots for the sole purpose of interment under the regulations of the city council. Such certificate shall be entitled to be recorded in the office of the register of deeds of the proper county without further acknowledgment, and such description of lots shall be deemed and recognized as sufficient description thereof.
A primary city may limit the number of cemetery lots which shall be owned by the same person at the same time. It may prescribe rules for enclosing, adorning, and erecting monuments and tombstones on cemetery lots and prohibit any diversion of the use of such lots and any improper adornment thereof, but no religious test shall be made as to the ownership of such lots, the burial therein, nor the ornamentation of graves or lots.
A primary city may pass rules and ordinances imposing penalties and fines, not exceeding one hundred dollars, regulating, protecting and governing the cemetery, the owners of lots therein, visitors thereof, and trespassers therein. The officers of such city shall have full jurisdiction and power in the enforcement of such rules and ordinances as though they related to the city itself.
A primary city may borrow money on the credit of the city and pledge the credit, revenue and public property of the city for the payment thereof when authorized in the manner herein provided, and in the manner otherwise provided by law or by the home rule charter of the city. It shall have the power to issue general obligation bonds of the city, general obligation notes, and refunding bonds, as provided in its home rule charter or as otherwise provided by law. It shall have the power to issue revenue bonds for the purpose of acquiring, constructing, reconstructing, improving, extending, equipping, or furnishing any revenue-producing facility within or without the city which is for a public purpose; Provided, that unless authorized by a majority of the voters of such city voting upon the question, no revenue bonds shall be issued for entering the public transportation, natural gas distribution or telephone fields or functions, or to acquire before 1972 that part of a retail distribution system of a public power district within the corporate limits of such city as those corporate limits existed on March 3, 1959. Such city shall also have the power to contract for the acquisition of the electric facilities and properties used or useful in connection therewith of a public power district within or without the city, and to pay for all or any part of the same out of the earnings of electric facilities and properties.
A primary city may divide the city into election districts, establish the boundaries thereof, and number the same.
A city of the primary class may provide for removing officers of the city for misconduct, except as otherwise provided in Chapter 15, and may provide for filling vacancies in any elective office as provided in sections 32-568 and 32-569.
A primary city may regulate and prescribe the powers and duties, and compensation of officers of the city not herein provided.
A city of the primary class may require all officers or employees elected or appointed to give bond or evidence of equivalent insurance for the faithful performance of their duties. No officer shall become surety upon the official bond of another or upon any contractor's bond, license, or appeal bond given to the city or under any ordinance thereof. It shall be optional with such officers to give a surety or guaranty company bond.
A primary city may require of any officer of the city, at any time, a detailed report of the transactions of his office or any matters connected therewith.
A primary city may provide for the revision of the ordinances from time to time, and for their publication in pamphlet or book form, with or without the statutes relative to cities of the primary class.
A city of the primary class may prohibit riots, routs, noise, or disorderly assemblies; prevent use of firearms, rockets, powder, fireworks, or other dangerous and combustible material; prohibit carrying of concealed weapons, except the carrying of a concealed handgun in compliance with the Concealed Handgun Permit Act; arrest, punish, fine, or set at work on streets or elsewhere vagrants and persons found without visible means of support or legitimate business; regulate and prevent the transportation of gunpowder or combustible articles, tar, pitch, resin, coal oil, benzine, turpentine, hemp, cotton, nitroglycerine, dynamite, petroleum or its products, or other explosives or inflammables; regulate use of lights in stables, shops, or other places and building of bonfires; and regulate and prohibit the piling of building material or any excavation or obstruction of the streets.
A primary city may punish disturbance of the peace or good order, clamor, intoxication, drunkenness, fighting, obscene or profane language, or other violations of the public peace by indecent or disorderly conduct, or blockading any street, sidewalk, way or space, or interfering with the passing of people.
A primary city may provide for the punishment of vagrants, tramps or common street beggars, common prostitutes, habitual disturbers of the peace, pickpockets, gamblers, burglars, thieves, ball game players, persons who practice any games, tricks or device with intent to swindle, persons who abuse their families, and suspicious persons who can give no reasonable account of themselves.
A city of the primary class may restrain, prohibit, and suppress unlicensed tippling shops, billiard tables, bowling alleys, houses of prostitution, opium joints, dens, and other disorderly houses and practices, games, gambling houses, desecration of the Sabbath day, commonly called Sunday, and may prohibit all public amusements, shows, exhibitions, or ordinary business pursuits upon such day, all lotteries, all fraudulent devices and practices for the purposes of obtaining money or property, all shooting galleries except as provided in the Nebraska Shooting Range Protection Act, and all kinds of public indecencies, except that nothing in this section shall be construed to apply to bingo, lotteries, lotteries by the sale of pickle cards, or raffles conducted in accordance with the Nebraska Bingo Act, the Nebraska Lottery and Raffle Act, the Nebraska Pickle Card Lottery Act, the Nebraska Small Lottery and Raffle Act, or the State Lottery Act.
A primary city may erect, establish, and regulate houses of correction, jails, community residential centers, work release centers, halfway houses, and such other places of control or confinement as may be designated as a jail facility from time to time by the city, including station houses and other buildings necessary to the keeping and confinement of prisoners, and provide for the government and support of same.
A primary city may regulate railroad crossings, provide precautions, and prescribe rules for running engines or cars, and their speed, for prevention of accidents at crossings or on tracks or by fires from engines. It may regulate the running of buses and require heating and cleaning thereof. It may require reasonable lighting of railway crossings in such manner as the council may prescribe. If the owner or operator fails to comply, it may cause the same to be done and assess expense thereof against such railway company to be collected as other taxes and to be a lien on its property, or it may enforce compliance by action of mandamus. The city may enforce such regulations as are otherwise provided by law. It may require railways to keep flagmen at all railway street crossings where necessary to protect the public against injury to person or property, and require the installation, maintenance, and proper operation of gates, flashing signals, or other warning devices to insure such safety. It may compel railways to conform tracks to grades at any time established, to keep them level with the street surface, and it may compel railways to keep streets open, construct and keep in repair ditches, drains, sewers, and culverts along or under their right-of-way or tracks, and lay and maintain paving upon their whole right-of-way on paved streets.
A primary city may provide for and cause to be taken a census of the city.
A primary city may make all such ordinances, bylaws, rules, and regulations not inconsistent with the general laws of the state as may be necessary or expedient, in addition to the special powers otherwise granted by law, for maintaining the peace, good government, and welfare of the city, its trade, commerce, and manufactories, for preserving order, securing persons or property from violence, danger and destruction, for protecting public and private property, for promoting the public health, safety, convenience, comfort, morals, and general interests and welfare of the inhabitants of the city, and to enforce all ordinances by providing for imprisonment of those convicted of violations thereof at hard labor for a period not to exceed six months and to impose forfeitures, fines, and penalties not exceeding five hundred dollars for any one offense, recoverable with costs, and, in the default of the payment thereof, to provide for confinement in the city prison or county jail, with or without hard labor upon the city streets or elsewhere for the benefit of the city, until the judgment and costs are paid.
Any city shall have the right to contract with any other governmental subdivision or agency, whether local, state or federal for the keeping of prisoners, either in a facility of the city or in a facility of the other governmental subdivision or agency. Payment shall be made as provided in any such contract or agreement.
The mayor and council shall have supervision and control of all public ways and public grounds within the city, and shall require the same to be kept open, in repair and free from nuisances.
The mayor and council shall have power to regulate and provide for the lighting of streets, laying down gas, water and other pipes, and the erection of lampposts, electric towers or other apparatus. They may regulate the sale and use of gas and electric lights and fix and determine the price of gas, the charge of electric lights and power, and the rents of gas meters within the city, and regulate the inspection thereof. They may regulate telephone service and the use of telephones within the city, prohibit or regulate the erection of telegraph, telephone or electric wire poles or other poles for whatsoever purpose desired or used in the public grounds, streets or alleys, and the placing of wires thereon, require the removal from the public grounds, streets or alleys of any or all such poles, and require the removal and placing under ground of any or all telegraph, telephone or electric wires.
A city of the primary class may provide for the destruction and removal of weeds and worthless vegetation growing upon any lot or lots or lands within the corporate limits of such city or upon the streets and alleys abutting upon any lot or lots or lands, and such city may require the owner or owners of such lot or lots or lands to destroy and remove the same therefrom and from the streets and alleys abutting thereon. If, after five days' notice by publication, by certified United States mail, or by the conspicuous posting of the notice on the lot or land upon which the nuisance exists, the owner or owners fail, neglect, or refuse to destroy or remove the nuisance, the city, through its proper officers, shall destroy and remove the nuisance, or cause the nuisance to be destroyed or removed, from the lot or lots or lands and streets and alleys abutting thereon and shall assess the cost thereof against such lot or lots or lands, as provided by ordinance.
(1) Any city of the primary class may provide for the collection and removal of garbage or refuse found upon any lot, lots, or land within the corporate limits of such city or within the three-mile jurisdictional limit of the city, or upon the streets, roads, or alleys abutting such lot, lots, or land, which constitutes a public nuisance. The city may require the owner, owners, duly authorized agent, or tenant of such lot, lots, or land to remove the garbage or refuse therefrom and from the streets, roads, or alleys abutting thereon.
(2) Notice that removal of garbage or refuse is necessary shall be given to (a)(i) the owner or owners, or (ii) the duly authorized agent, and (b) the tenant. Such notice shall be provided by personal service or by certified mail. After providing such notice, the city through its proper offices shall, in addition to other proper remedies, remove the garbage or refuse, or cause it to be removed, from such lot, lots, or land, and streets, roads, or alleys abutting thereon.
(3) If the mayor of such city shall declare that the accumulation of such garbage or refuse upon any lot, lots, or land constitutes an immediate nuisance and hazard to public health and safety, the city shall remove the garbage or refuse from such lot, lots, or land twenty-four hours after notice by personal service in accordance with subsection (2) of this section if such garbage or refuse has not been removed.
Whenever any city of the primary class removes any garbage or refuse from any lot, lots, or land pursuant to section 15-268.01, it shall, after a hearing before and conducted by the city council, assess the cost of the removal against such lot, lots, or land.
State recognition is hereby given to the hazard created in the streets of cities of the primary class of Nebraska by the great increase in the number of motor vehicles, including cars, buses, and trucks. In order to remove or reduce the hazards to life and property and the inconvenience of congested traffic on the streets in such cities in this state, it is deemed necessary and of general benefit to the entire State of Nebraska to provide means for such cities in Nebraska to own offstreet parking facilities for the parking of motor vehicles.
Any city of the primary class in Nebraska may own, purchase, construct, equip, lease, or operate within such city offstreet motor vehicle parking facilities for the use of the general public. Any such city shall have the authority to acquire by grant, contract, purchase, or through the condemnation of property, as provided by law for such acquisition, all real or personal property, including a site or sites on which to construct such facilities, necessary or convenient in the carrying out of this grant of power.
In order to pay the cost required by any purchase, construction, lease, or condemnation of property and equipping of such facilities, or the enlargement of presently owned facilities, the city may issue revenue bonds to provide the funds for such improvements; Provided, that any such city may not issue revenue bonds under the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276 to acquire any privately owned parking garage or privately owned commercial parking lot having space for the parking of two hundred or more motor vehicles.
Any ordinance authorizing such revenue bonds may contain such covenants and provisions to protect and safeguard the security of the holders of such bonds as shall be deemed necessary to assure the prompt payment of the principal thereof and the interest thereon.
Such revenue bonds shall not be sold at discounts exceeding five percent, and such bonds shall not bear interest in excess of the rate of interest specified in section 45-104.01, as such rate may from time to time be adjusted by the Legislature. Such bonds shall be issued for such terms as the ordinance authorizing them shall prescribe but shall not mature later than fifty years after the date of issuance thereof.
Any such revenue bonds which may be issued shall not be included in computing the maximum amount of bonds which the issuing city of the primary class may be authorized to issue under its charter or any statute of this state. If any city has installed or installs onstreet parking meters, it may pledge all or any part of the revenue of such parking meters, not previously pledged, as security for the bonds authorized by this section.
Such city of the primary class may make and enter into any and all contracts and agreements with any individual, public or private corporation, or agency of this state or of the United States, as may be necessary or incidental to the performance of its duties and the execution of its powers under sections 15-269 to 15-276. In the exercise of this authority, such city may make such contracts and agreements as may be needed for the payment of the revenue bonds authorized by sections 15-269 to 15-276 and for the successful operation of the parking facilities. In the exercise of this authority the city may lease or grant concessions for the use of the facilities or various portions thereof to one or more operators to provide for the efficient operation of the facilities, but no lease or concession shall run for a period in excess of thirty years. In granting any lease or concession, or in making any contract or agreement, the city shall retain such control of the facilities as may be necessary to insure that the facilities will be properly operated in the public interest and that the rates or charges or prices are reasonable.
Such city of the primary class is authorized to make all necessary rules and regulations governing the use, operation and control of such facilities. It shall establish and maintain equitable rates sufficient in amount to pay for the cost of the operation, repair and upkeep of the facilities to be purchased, acquired, or leased, and the principal of and interest on any revenue bonds issued pursuant to the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276. The city may also make any other agreements with the purchasers of the bonds for the security of the issuing city and the purchasers of such bonds not in contravention of the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276.
The provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276 and of any ordinance authorizing the issuance of bonds under the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276 shall constitute a contract with the holders of such bonds, and any holder of a bond or bonds or any of the coupons of any bond or bonds of such municipality, issued under the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276, may either in law or in equity, by suit, action, mandamus, or other proceedings, enforce and compel the performance of all duties required by the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276 or by the ordinance authorizing the bonds, including the making and collection of sufficient charges and fees for service and the use thereof, and the application of income and revenue thereof.
Any city of the primary class is authorized to use any or all of the revenue from onstreet parking meters for the purpose set forth in section 15-270 if such revenue has not been pledged for the payment of revenue bonds authorized by the provisions of sections 15-269 to 15-276.
A city of the primary class may establish and fund a commission on the status of women. Such commission shall advise the mayor and city council on the existence of social, economic, and legal barriers affecting women and ways to eliminate such barriers.
The purpose of a commission established under section 15-277 shall be to emphasize studying the changing and developing roles of women in American society including:
(1) Recognition of socioeconomic factors that influence the status of women;
(2) Development of individual potential;
(3) Encouragement of women to utilize their capabilities and assume leadership roles;
(4) Coordination of efforts of numerous women's organizations interested in the welfare of women;
(5) Identification and recognition of contributions made by Nebraska women to the community, state, and nation;
(6) Implementation of this section when improved working conditions, financial security, and legal status of both sexes are involved; and
(7) Promotion of legislation to improve any situation when implementation of subdivisions (1) to (6) of this section indicates a need for change.
The general city elections in cities of the primary class shall be held on the first Tuesday in May of every odd-numbered year. All city elections shall be conducted in accordance with the Election Act.
All elective officers of the city, except council members, shall give a good and sufficient bond or evidence of equivalent insurance in an amount to be fixed by ordinance, for the faithful performance of their duties. Each council member before entering upon the duties of his or her office shall give a bond or evidence of equivalent insurance in favor of the city in the sum of two thousand dollars. If a bond is given, it shall be signed by a surety company or by two or more good and sufficient sureties who are residents of such city, who shall justify that he or she is worth at least two thousand dollars over and above his or her debts, liabilities, and exemptions, conditioned for the faithful discharge of the duties of the council members and conditioned further that if the council members vote for an expenditure of money or the creation of any liability in excess of the amount allowed by law, or vote for the transfer of any sum of money from one fund to another where such transfer is not allowed by law, such council members and surety or sureties signing the bonds shall be liable thereon.
All appointive officers of the city before entering upon their respective duties shall give a good and sufficient bond or evidence of equivalent insurance in an amount to be fixed by ordinance in favor of the city, conditioned upon the faithful performance of their duties.
The council shall have power by ordinance to fix the salaries of the officers and employees of the city and provide by ordinance for the forfeiting of the salary of any officer or employee.
No officer shall receive any pay or perquisite from the city other than his or her salary; and the city council shall not pay or appropriate any money or other valuable thing to any person, not an officer, for the performance of any act, service, or duty, the performance of which shall come within the proper scope of the duties of any officer of the city, unless the same is specially appropriated and ordered by unanimous vote of all members elected to the council.
The mayor shall be the chief executive officer of the city. The executive and administrative power of a city of the primary class shall be vested in and exercised by the mayor, who shall also be the ceremonial head of the city government. The mayor shall enforce the city ordinances and all applicable laws. He may administer oaths, perform all the duties devolving upon a magistrate, and shall sign commissions and appointments of all officers appointed by him with the council approval.
The mayor shall have such jurisdiction as may be vested in him by ordinance, over all places within the city or within three miles of the corporate limits of the city and outside of any organized city or village, for the enforcement of the health ordinances and regulations thereof, and for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of all such ordinances except the ordinances respecting taxation shall not be enforced outside of the corporate limits of such primary city.
The mayor and chief of police shall each have power to call upon any citizen to aid in the enforcement of any ordinance or suppression of any riot, and any person who shall refuse or neglect to obey such call shall forfeit and pay a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars. Such power shall not be construed to include the appointment of special police or special deputies.
The mayor shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures and to grant reprieves and pardons for all offenses arising under the ordinances of the city.
The city clerk shall have the custody of all laws and ordinances and shall keep a correct journal of the proceedings of the council; Provided, that after the period of time specified by the State Records Administrator pursuant to sections 84-1201 to 84-1220, the clerk may transfer such journal of the proceedings of the council to the State Archives of the Nebraska State Historical Society, for permanent preservation. He shall keep a correct record of all outstanding bonds against the city showing the number and amount of each, for what and to whom issued, when purchased, paid or canceled, and shall make an annual report showing particularly the bonds issued and sold during the year, and the terms of sale, with each item of expense thereof. He shall perform such other or further duties as may be required of him by ordinances of the city. He shall also make a monthly report to the council showing the amount appropriated to each fund, and the whole amount of funds drawn thereon, which report shall be spread at large upon the minutes. He may, if the council deem assistance necessary, appoint a deputy who shall give a bond in favor of the city the same as is required of the clerk himself.
The treasurer shall be required to give a bond or evidence of equivalent insurance of not less than one hundred fifty thousand dollars or he or she may be required to give a bond or evidence of equivalent insurance double the sum of money estimated by the council to be at any time in his or her hands belonging to the city and school districts, and he or she shall be the custodian of all money belonging to the city and all securities belonging or to be held by the city. He or she shall keep a separate account of each fund or appropriation and debits and credits belonging thereto. He or she shall give every person paying money into the treasury a receipt therefor, specifying the date of payment and on what account paid, and he or she shall also file copies of receipts with his or her monthly report. He or she shall monthly and as often as required render to the city council an account under oath showing the state of the treasury at that date, the amount of money remaining in each fund, the amount paid therefrom, and the balance of money in the treasury. He or she shall also accompany such accounts with a statement of all receipts and disbursements, together with all warrants redeemed and paid by him or her, which warrants, together with any and all vouchers held by him or her, shall be filed in the clerk's office, and if he or she neglects or fails for thirty days from the end of any month to enter such accounts, his or her office may by resolution of the mayor and council be declared vacant, and the mayor with the concurrence of the council shall fill the vacancy by appointment until the next election of the city officers. The treasurer may employ and appoint a deputy and an assistant or assistants as determined by ordinance. The treasurer shall be liable upon his or her official bond for the acts of such appointees.
The city attorney shall be the legal advisor of the mayor, the city council, and city officers. He shall commence, prosecute, and defend actions on behalf of the city, attend the meetings of the council and give opinions, orally or in writing, as required, upon any matter submitted to him by the mayor, the city council, or any officers of the city. He is authorized to prepare, file, and sign the proper complaint when there is sufficient evidence to warrant the belief that a person is guilty and can be convicted of a violation of a city ordinance. He shall draft or review for legal correctness ordinances, contracts, franchises, and other instruments as may be required, and he shall perform such other duties as may be imposed upon him by general law or by ordinance. The city attorney may appoint a deputy city attorney and one or more assistant city attorneys, whose duties may be prescribed by ordinance.
The marshal or chief of police shall have the immediate charge of the police, and he or she and his or her officers shall have the power and duty to arrest all offenders against the laws of the state or the ordinances of the city in the same manner as the sheriff and to keep such offenders in the city jail or other place to prevent their escape until a trial or examination may be had before a proper officer. The jurisdiction of the marshal or chief of police and his or her officers in the service of process, in all criminal cases, and in cases for the violation of city ordinances shall be coextensive with the county.
The power to remove from office the mayor or any councilman or other officer for good and sufficient cause is hereby conferred upon the district court for the county in which such city is situated, when not otherwise herein provided, and whenever any three councilmen shall make and file with the clerk of said court the proper charges and specifications against the mayor, alleging and showing that he is guilty of malfeasance or misfeasance as such officer, or that he is incompetent or neglects any of his duties as mayor, or that for any other good and sufficient cause stated, he should be removed from office as mayor; or whenever the mayor or any three councilmen shall make and file with the clerk of said court the proper charges and specifications against any councilman or other officer, alleging and showing that he is guilty of malfeasance or misfeasance in office or that he is incompetent or neglects any of his duties, or that from any other good and sufficient cause stated, he should be removed from office, the judge of such court may issue the proper writ, requiring such officer to appear before him on a day named therein, not more than ten days after the service of such writ, together with a copy of such charges and specifications, upon such officer to show cause why he should not be removed from his office. The proceedings in such case shall take precedence over all civil cases, and be conducted according to the rules of such court in such cases made and provided, and such officer may be suspended from the duties of his office during the pendency of such proceedings by order of said court. During the time any officer is suspended the mayor and council, or in case the mayor is suspended, then the council may appoint any competent person to perform the duties of the officer so suspended and provide for his compensation, and require such appointee to execute a good and sufficient bond for the faithful performance of the duties of the office.
Regular meetings of the council shall be held at least once each week on such days and at such times as the council may prescribe in its rules, and special meetings whenever called by the mayor or any four members of the council. The council may choose not to meet during any week in which a federal or state holiday occurs. Four members of the council shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business, and four affirmative votes shall be required to pass any measure or to transact any business unless it is otherwise provided by any charter of a city of the primary class.
Ordinances shall be passed pursuant to such rules and regulations as the council may provide, and may be proved by the certificate of the clerk under seal of the city. The passage, approval, publication or posting of ordinances shall be sufficiently proved by certificate of the clerk under seal of the city showing when passed and approved, when and in what paper published or when, by whom, and where the same was posted. Ordinances printed or published in book or pamphlet form, purporting to be published under authority of the city, shall be received in evidence in all courts without further proof. All such ordinances need not be otherwise published and shall be received in court as evidence of the passage, approval and publication thereof, as required by law, and of the respective dates thereof.
The style of ordinances shall be: Be it ordained by the city council of the city of ........ . All ordinances shall be published within fifteen days after passage thereof, such publication to be sufficient if published in one issue of a daily or weekly newspaper of general circulation in the city, or posted on the official bulletin board of the city at the city hall, or in book or pamphlet form, as may be provided by ordinance, to be distributed or sold in the city. Ordinances fixing a penalty or forfeiture for the violation thereof shall not take effect until fifteen days after passage, and in no case before one week after the publication thereof in the manner above prescribed; Provided, in case of riots, infectious or contagious diseases or other impending danger or other emergency requiring immediate operation of the ordinance, the same shall take effect immediately upon the publication thereof as above prescribed. All ordinances, except as hereinabove prescribed, shall take effect fifteen days after passage.
All ordinances, resolutions or orders for the appropriation or payment of money shall require for passage or adoption the concurrence of a majority of the members elected to the council. Ordinances of a general or permanent nature shall be fully and distinctly read on three different days, unless the council shall dispense with this rule by a two-thirds vote of the members elected. No ordinance shall contain a subject which is not clearly expressed in its title. No ordinance or section thereof shall be revised or amended unless the new ordinance contains the entire ordinance or section as revised or amended, and the ordinance or section so amended shall be repealed.
The mayor shall from time to time communicate to the council such recommendations or information as in his opinion tend to improve the finances, police, health, comfort and general welfare of the city.
When a system of waterworks shall have been adopted and the people shall have voted to borrow money to aid their construction, the mayor and council may (1) construct and maintain such system of waterworks, either within or without the corporate limits of the city, (2) make all needful rules and regulations concerning the use of such waterworks, and (3) do all acts necessary for the construction, completion, and management and control of the same, not inconsistent with law, including the exercise of the right of eminent domain. The procedure to condemn property shall be exercised in the manner set forth in sections 76-704 to 76-724.
In case such aid shall not be voted by the people in the manner aforesaid or in case the system of waterworks shall prove inadequate for the needs of the city, both public and private, then the mayor and council may contract with and procure individuals or corporations to construct and maintain a system of waterworks in such city for any time not exceeding twenty years from the date of the contract, and with a reservation to the city of the right to purchase such waterworks at any time after the lapse of ten years from the date of the contract, upon payment to such individuals or corporation of an amount to be determined by the contract not exceeding the cost of construction of such waterworks. In other respects such contracts may be upon such terms as may be agreed upon by a two-thirds vote of the mayor and council, entered upon the minutes; Provided, no such contract shall be made unless authorized by a majority vote of the legal voters at a special election called for such purpose.
The city council shall have power by ordinance to create, open, widen or otherwise improve, vacate, control, name, and rename any street, alley, or public way or ways, including the sidewalk space within the limits of the city, except that all damages sustained by the owners of the property thereon by opening or widening shall be ascertained in the manner set forth in sections 76-704 to 76-724. Whenever any street, alley, or public way shall be vacated, the same shall revert to the owners of the adjacent real estate, one-half on each side thereof, unless the city reserves title thereto in the ordinance vacating such street, alley, or public way. In the event title is retained by the city, such property may be sold, conveyed, exchanged, or leased upon such terms and conditions as shall be deemed in the best interests of the city, as authorized in its home rule charter. When the city vacates all or any portion of a street, alley, or public way or ways, the city shall, within thirty days after the effective date of the vacation, file a certified copy of the vacating ordinance with the register of deeds for the county in which the vacated property is located to be indexed against all affected lots.
The city council shall have the power to grade partially, or to an established grade, curb, recurb, gutter, construct sidewalks, or otherwise improve or repair any street or streets, alley or alleys, public grounds, public way or ways, or parts thereof, including sidewalk space, at public cost, or by levy of special benefits on the property specially benefited thereby, proportionate to the benefits. When the streets, public ways, or public grounds shall have been brought to an established grade, the council shall have power to bring sidewalks and sidewalk space therein to a grade and to construct sidewalks, and shall have power and authority to levy special assessments against the property specially benefited, not to exceed the cost of the improvement. Ordinary repairs, not including repaving or resurfacing or relaying existing pavement or making sidewalk repairs, shall be at public cost.
The city council shall have power to grade, to change grade, to pave, repave, macadamize, curb, recurb, gravel or regravel, open and widen streets, roadways or public ways, gutter, resurface, or relay existing pavement or otherwise improve any street, streets, alley, alleys, public grounds, public way or ways, or parts thereof, including the sidewalk space, and including improvement by mall or promenade, and by ordinance to create grading, paving, repaving, curbing, recurbing, resurfacing, graveling, regraveling, sidewalk, or improvement districts thereof, to be consecutively numbered and such districts may include two or more connecting or intersecting streets, alleys, or public ways and may include two or more improvements, in this section mentioned, in one proceeding. Cost of so improving the street, streets, alley, alleys, public grounds, public way or ways, including sidewalks, may be in whole or in part assessed, proportionate to benefits, on the property specially benefited. The city council may fix the depth to which property may be charged and assessed for benefits, and to a greater depth than the lots fronting on the street, streets, alley, alleys, public grounds, public way or ways so improved and the determination thereof by the city council shall be conclusive. The city council shall have power and authority to fix the period of time for the payment of the special assessments, and to issue bonds, as authorized by the home rule charter.
A city of the primary class shall have the power to designate and establish controlled-access facilities, and may design, construct, maintain, improve, alter, and vacate such facilities, and may regulate, restrict, or prohibit access to such facilities so as best to serve the traffic for which such facilities are intended. Such a city may provide for the elimination of intersections at grade with existing roads, streets, highways or alleys, if the public interest shall be served thereby. An existing road, street, alley or other traffic facility may be included within such facilities or such facilities may include new or additional roads, streets, highways, or the like. In order to carry out the purposes of this section, the city, in addition to any other powers it may have, may acquire, in private or public property, such rights of access as are deemed necessary, including but not necessarily limited to air, light, view, egress, and ingress. Such acquisitions may be by gift, devise, purchase, agreement, adverse possession, prescription, condemnation, or otherwise as provided by law and may be in fee simple absolute or in any lesser estate or interest. The city may make provision to mitigate damages caused by such acquisitions, terms, and conditions regarding the abandonment or reverter of such acquisitions, and any other provisions or conditions that are desirable for the needs of the city and the general welfare of the public.
No automotive service stations or other commercial establishments for serving motor vehicle users shall be constructed or located on the publicly owned right-of-way of, or on any publicly owned or publicly leased land used for, or in connection with, a controlled-access facility.
A city of the primary class is authorized to designate, establish, design, construct, maintain, vacate, alter, improve and regulate frontage roads within the boundaries of any present or hereafter acquired right-of-way and to exercise the same jurisdiction over such frontage roads as is authorized over controlled-access facilities. Such frontage roads may be connected to or separated from the controlled-access facilities at such places as the city shall determine to be consistent with public safety. Upon the construction of any frontage road, any right of access between the controlled-access facility and property abutting or adjacent to such frontage shall terminate and ingress to and egress from the frontage road shall be provided at such places as will afford reasonable and safe connections.
The right of reasonably convenient egress to and ingress from lands or lots, abutting on an existing highway, street, or road, may not be denied except with the consent of the owners of such lands or lots, or with the condemnation of such right of access to and from such abutting lands or lots. If the construction or reconstruction of any highway, street, or road, to be paid for in whole or in part with federal or state highway funds, results in the abutment of property on such highway, street, or road that did not theretofore have direct egress from and ingress to it, no rights of direct access shall accrue because of such abutment, but the city may prescribe and define the location of the privilege of access, if any, of properties that then, but not theretofore, abut on such highway, street, or road.
In all specifications for materials to be used in paving, curbing, and guttering of every kind, of access ways, the city shall establish a standard or standards of strength and quality, to be demonstrated by physical, chemical, or other tests within the limits of reasonable variations. In every instance the materials shall be so described in the specifications, either by standard or quality, to permit genuine competition between contractors so that there may be two or more bids by individuals or companies in no manner connected with each other and no material shall be specified which shall not be subject to such competition.
If in any city of the primary class there shall be any real estate belonging to any county, school district, municipal or quasi-municipal corporation, cemetery association, library board or other public board or association, abutting upon the street, streets, alley, alleys, public way or grounds proposed to be improved, the proper officer or officers having control and jurisdiction over such real estate or authorized to purchase, lease, hold or convey real estate, shall have power to sign a petition for paving, repaving, curbing, recurbing, grading, changing grade, guttering, resurfacing, relaying existing pavement, or otherwise improving any street, streets, alley, alleys, public way or public grounds or improvement districts. When such improvements have been ordered, it shall be the duty of the county board of education, library board, cemetery trustees or other proper officers controlling and having jurisdiction over said real estate benefited by said improvement, to pay such special taxes or assessments, or its proportionate share of the cost of said improvements; and in event of neglect or refusal so to do, the city may recover the amount of such special taxes or assessments, or proportionate share of the cost, in any proper action, and the judgment thus obtained may be enforced in the usual manner.
The council may order the owner of lots abutting on a street to be paved, to lay sewer, gas, and water service pipes to connect mains; and if he neglects so to do, after five days' notice by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the city, or in place thereof by personal service of such notice, as the council in its discretion may direct, the council shall have power to cause the same to be laid, along with and as part of the work of the improvement district, and assess the cost thereof on the property of such owner, along with and in the manner as provided, for making the assessment to pay the cost of the pavement or improvements in the improvement district and to be collected and enforced as special taxes.
To pay the cost of curbing and guttering public ways the council may issue bonds called curbing gutter bonds, district No. ......, payable in not over twenty years or at the option of the city at any interest-paying date, and assess the cost, not exceeding the special benefits, on abutting property, said assessments to become due, delinquent, draw interest, be subject to like penalty and collected as other special taxes, and shall constitute a sinking fund for the payment of such bonds. No paving bonds and no curbing gutter bonds shall be sold or delivered until necessary to make payments for work done on such improvements.
The city council shall have the power to lay off the city into suitable districts for the purpose of establishing a system of sewerage and drainage; to provide such system and regulate the construction, repairs, and use of sewers and drains, and to provide penalties for any obstruction of, or injury to, any sewers or drains, and for any violation of the rules and regulations with respect thereto that may be prescribed by the city council. The city council shall have power to create sewer districts by ordinance and designate the property to be benefited by the construction of sewers in such districts. The city council shall have power to construct or cause to be constructed such sewer or sewers in such district or districts and assess the cost thereof against the property in such districts, to the extent of the special benefits.
Special taxes may be levied by the city council for the purpose of paying the cost of constructing such sewers and drains within the city. Such taxes shall be levied upon the real estate within the sewerage districts in which such sewer or drain may be, to the extent of benefits to such property by reason of such improvements. The benefits to such property shall be determined by the city council as in other cases of special assessments. All taxes or assessments made for sewerage or drainage purposes shall be levied and collected in the same manner as other special assessments.
The mayor and council may issue sewer district bonds to cover the cost of the work of constructing sewers in sewer districts, and the special assessment levied on account of such work shall constitute a sinking fund for the payment of such bonds.
The mayor and council may by ordinance purchase and own grounds for, erect and establish market houses and market places, regulate and govern the same, and prescribe the fees to be charged persons for stalls therein; Provided, the revenue so derived shall be applied (1) to the payment of the salaries of the officers appointed to take charge of said market, (2) to the payment of repairs of the market house, and (3) to the payment of the cost of erecting said market house. After all salaries, repairs and costs of construction have been paid, the surplus, if any remaining, shall be disposed of as the council shall direct. The mayor and council may contract with any person or persons, or association of persons, companies or corporations for the erection and regulation of said market house and market place on such terms and conditions and in such manner as the council may prescribe, and raise all necessary revenue therefor as herein provided. They may locate market houses and market places and buildings aforesaid on any street, alley or public ground, or any land purchased for such purpose, and provide for the erection of all other useful and necessary buildings for the use of the city and for the protection and safety of all property owned by the city; Provided, any such improvement, costing in the aggregate a sum greater than five hundred dollars, shall not be authorized until the ordinance providing therefor shall be first submitted to and ratified by a majority of the legal voters thereof.
Special tax assessments to pay cost of local improvements, except special assessments for sidewalk purposes or as herein otherwise provided, shall be made in the manner following: (1) Assessment shall be made on the district by resolution of the council at any meeting, stating cost of the improvement and benefit accruing to the property in the district to be taxed, which, with the vote by yeas and nays, shall be recorded in the minutes. Therewith shall be submitted a proposed distribution of the tax on each separate property to be taxed subject to action of the board of equalization as prescribed therein; and (2) notice of time of assessment shall be published in some newspaper published and of general circulation in the city ten days before the assessment, and that the council will sit as a board of equalization to distribute the tax at a time in such notice fixed, not less than five days after such assessment, and the proper distribution of such special tax shall be open to examination of all persons interested. Property shall not be specially taxed for more than the total cost of the improvement nor more than the special benefit accruing thereto by the improvement. If the aggregate tax be less than the cost of improvement the excess shall be paid from the general fund. Special taxes may be assessed as the improvement progresses and as soon as completed in front of or along property taxed, or when the whole is complete, as the council shall determine. Special assessments for local benefits shall be a lien on all property so specially benefited superior and prior to all other liens save general taxes or other special assessments and equal therewith. If any special assessment be declared void, or doubt of its validity exist, the mayor and council, to pay the cost of improvement, may make a reassessment thereof on the original estate within the district, and any sums paid on the original assessment shall be credited to the property on which it was paid and any excess refunded to the owner paying it, with lawful interest. Taxes reassessed and not paid shall be enforced and collected as other special taxes. No special tax or assessment which the mayor and council acquire jurisdiction to make shall be void for any irregularity, defect, error or informality in procedure, in levy or equalization thereof.
When any special tax, except sidewalk tax, is levied, it shall be the duty of the city clerk to issue a certificate describing such lot or piece of ground by number and block, and stating the amount of special tax levied thereon and the purpose for which such tax was levied, and when the same shall become due and delinquent. He shall forthwith deliver a duplicate of such certificate to the city treasurer, who shall, without delay, give at least five days' notice through a newspaper published in the city, of the time when such tax will become delinquent. To every such certificate the clerk shall append a warrant in the usual form, requiring such city treasurer to collect such special tax or taxes by distress and sale of goods and chattels of the person, persons or bodies corporate owing any such special tax or taxes, if the same be not paid before the time fixed for the same to become delinquent. The city treasurer shall make his return of such warrants with a report of his doings thereunder on or before the fifteenth day of July next thereafter.
It shall be sufficient in any case to describe the lot or piece of ground as the same is platted or recorded, although the same belong to several persons, but in case any lot or piece of ground belong to different persons, the owner of any part thereof may pay his portion of the tax on such lot or piece of ground, and his proper share may be determined by the city treasurer.
When any public improvement is completed according to contract, it shall be the duty of the city engineer to carefully inspect the same, and if the improvement is found to be properly done, such engineer shall accept the same and forthwith report his acceptance thereof to the council with recommendation that the same be approved or disapproved, and the city council may confirm or reject such acceptance. When the ordinance levying the tax makes the same due as the improvement is completed in front of or along any block or piece of ground, the engineer may accept the same in sections from time to time, if found to be done according to the contract, reporting his acceptance as in other cases.
All street railway companies in any city of the primary class shall be required to pave, repave or repair between and to one foot beyond their outer rails. In case any such railway uses more than one track in any street, it shall pave, repave or repair between tracks and to one foot beyond the outer rails where such company owns, at its own cost. Whenever any street shall be ordered paved or repaved by the mayor and council of the city, such paving or repaving shall be done at the same time and shall be of the same material and character as the paving or repaving of the street upon which such railway track is located, unless other material be specially ordered by the mayor and council of the city. Such street railway companies shall be required to keep that portion of the streets required by them to be paved, repaved or repaired, in repair, using for said purpose the same material as the streets upon which the track is laid at the point of repair, or such other material as the mayor and council may require and order upon streets in such city.
Track of all railway companies, when located upon the streets or avenues of the city, shall be kept in repair and safe in all respects for the use of the traveling public, and such companies shall be liable for all damages resulting by reason of neglect to keep such track in repair or for obstructing the streets or avenues of such city. For injuries to persons or property arising wholly from a failure of such companies to keep their tracks in proper repair and free from obstruction, such company shall be liable.
The words street railway company, as used in sections 15-729 to 15-732, shall be taken to mean and include any persons, companies, corporations or associations, owning any street railway in said city.
Any street railway company which shall abandon the use of and fail to use its line of railway or any material portion thereof for railway purposes, or shall fail to pay its paving taxes and assessments, shall be subject to forfeiture of its charter; and upon reasonable notice in writing served upon such company, the city council shall have power by ordinance to declare the charter of such company forfeited; and the city council may cause the said unused tracks to be taken up and the street and paving repaired, may assess the cost of the same to the said street railway company, and may collect the said costs as a special tax against said company.
In the event of the refusal or neglect of such street railway companies to pave, repave or repair, when so directed by the mayor and the city council, upon the grading, paving or repaving of any street upon which their track is laid, the mayor and council shall have power to pave, repave or repair the same; and the cost of such paving, repaving or repairing may be collected by levy and sale of any real or personal property of said street railway company, the same as special taxes are collected. Special taxes for paying the cost of such paving, repaving, macadamizing or repairing of any street railway may be levied upon the track, including the ties, iron, roadbed and right-of-way, side tracks and appurtenances, including buildings and real estate belonging to such company or person, and used for the purpose of such street railway business, all as one property, or upon such part of such tracks, appurtenances, and property as may be within the district paved, repaved, macadamized or repaired, or any part thereof, and shall be a lien upon the property of such company in its entirety and as one property from the time of the levy until satisfied. The lien so created shall attach in like manner and with like effect to all property of such company or companies after acquired which shall be used in the operation of such railway. No mortgage, conveyance, pledge, transfer or encumbrance of any such property of any such company shall be made or suffered, except subject to the actual or prospective lien of such special taxes, whether actually levied or not. Such special taxes when levied shall constitute a lien upon the property of such railway in its entirety and as one property prior and superior to all other liens or encumbrances, except liens for taxes or for other special assessments. The treasurer shall have the power and authority to seize any personal property belonging to any such person or company for the satisfaction of any such special taxes when delinquent, and to sell the same upon the same advertisement and in the same manner as constables are now authorized to sell personal property upon execution at law, but failure to do so shall in nowise affect or impair the lien of the tax or any proceeding allowed by law for the enforcement thereof. The railroad track or any other property upon which such special taxes shall be levied, or so much thereof as may be necessary, may be sold for the payment of such special taxes in the same manner and with the same effect as real estate may be sold upon which such special taxes may be levied. It shall also be competent for any such city to bring civil action against any party owning or operating any such street railway and liable to pay said taxes, to recover the amount thereof, or any part thereof delinquent and unpaid, in any court having jurisdiction of the amount, and obtain judgment and have execution therefor, and no property, real or personal, shall be exempt from any such execution; Provided, real estate shall not be levied upon by execution, except by execution out of the district court, on a judgment therein or transcript of a judgment filed therein, as provided by law. No property seized by the treasurer, as hereinbefore provided, or upon any such execution, shall be taken from the officer holding the same upon any order of replevin. No defense shall be allowed in any such civil action, except such as goes to the groundwork, equity and justice of the tax, and the burden of proof shall rest upon the party assailing the tax. In case part of such special assessment shall be shown to be invalid, unjust or inequitable, judgment shall be rendered for such amount as is just and equitable, and costs shall follow the judgment. It shall be competent for the mayor and council, upon the written application of any company, association, corporation or person owning any such street railway, to provide that such special tax shall become delinquent and payable in installments, as in case of taxes levied upon abutting real estate as hereinbefore provided, but such application shall be taken and deemed a waiver of any and all objections to such taxes and to the validity thereof. Such application shall be made at or before the final levy of such taxes. The provisions of this section in regard to the levy, collection, and enforcement of special taxes to pay the cost of paving, repaving, macadamizing or repairing of any such street railways shall apply to all such special taxes.
The owner of property abutting on public streets is hereby primarily charged with the duty of keeping and maintaining the sidewalks thereon in a safe and sound condition, and free from snow, ice, and other obstructions; and in default thereof, upon notice to such abutting property owner as hereinafter provided, such abutting property owner shall be liable for injuries or damages sustained by reason thereof. The city is given general charge, control, and supervision of the streets and sidewalks thereof, and is required to cause to be maintained or maintain the same in a reasonably safe condition. It is given full power to require owners of abutting property to keep and maintain the sidewalks thereof in a safe and sound condition and free from snow, ice, and other obstructions, and to require such abutting property owners to construct and maintain the sidewalks of such material and of such dimensions and upon such grade as may be determined by the council. In case such abutting property owner refuses or neglects, after five days' notice by publication, or in place thereof, personal service of such notice, to so construct or maintain such sidewalk, the city through the proper officers may construct or repair such sidewalk or cause the same to be constructed or repaired, and report the cost thereof to the council, whereupon the council shall assess the same against such abutting property. The council may receive bids for constructing or repairing any or all such walks, and may let contracts to the lowest responsible bidders for constructing or repairing the same. The contractor or contractors shall be paid therefor from special assessments against the abutting property. The cost of constructing, replacing, repairing, or grading thereof shall be assessed at a regular council meeting by resolution, fixing the cost along abutting property as a special assessment against such property; and the amount charged or the cost thereof, with the vote by yeas and nays, shall be spread upon the minutes. Notice of the time of such meeting of the council and its purpose shall be published once in a newspaper published and of general circulation in the city at least five days before the meeting of the council is to be held, or, in place thereof, personal notice may be given such abutting property owners. Such special assessment shall be known as special sidewalk assessments, and together with the cost of notice, shall be levied and collected as special taxes in addition to the general revenue taxes, and shall be subject to the same penalties and shall draw interest at a rate not to exceed the rate of interest specified in section 45-104.01, as such rate may from time to time be adjusted by the Legislature, from the date of the levy thereof until satisfied.
Special sidewalk assessments may be collected:
(1) In the manner usual for the collection or foreclosure of county or state taxes against real estate;
(2) By foreclosure as in case of county or state taxes against real estate; Provided, however, in the foreclosure of such special sidewalk assessments any number of parties, owners of abutting property against which property a special sidewalk assessment has been made may be made parties defendant, and any number of special sidewalk assessments may be foreclosed in one action, the decree, however, to be separate as to each particular piece of abutting property against which such special sidewalk assessments have been levied; and provided further, a certified copy by the city clerk of the action of the council in making such special sidewalk assessments shall be received in evidence as prima facie evidence of the regularity of all proceedings in the matter of making and levying such special sidewalk assessments, and such special sidewalk assessments shall constitute a lien prior and superior to all other liens except liens for taxes or other special assessments upon such abutting property; and provided further, in the foreclosure of such special assessments, the action may be brought in the name of the city against any and all parties subject to the payment of such special sidewalk assessments in one or more actions, and the city may become a purchaser thereof for an amount not exceeding the amount of the special sidewalk assessment, interest and penalties thereon; or
(3) The city clerk upon the request of the council, shall, under seal of the city, make out a statement containing a description of the property against which special sidewalk assessments are delinquent, the amount of such special sidewalk assessments, together with interest and penalties thereon, the name of the owner of such abutting property at the time of the levy and the date of the levy, and shall transmit the same to the clerk of the district court; and upon request of the city the clerk of the district court shall issue an order of sale of such abutting property and deliver the same to the sheriff, who shall thereupon cause such property to be advertised and sold as in case of sale of real estate under judgment and execution, except that it shall not be necessary for the said sheriff to cause such property to be appraised; upon sale the sheriff shall report the sale thereof to the district court for confirmation.
(1) Any county and any city of the primary class, which is the county seat thereof, shall have the power to join with each other and with other political or governmental subdivisions, agencies, or public corporations whether federal, state, or local, or with any number of combinations thereof, by contract or otherwise in the joint ownership, operation, or performance of any property, facility, power, or function, or in agreements containing the provisions that one or more thereof operate or perform for the other or others. Any such county and any such city shall also have the power to authorize and undertake research, formulate plans, draft and seek the enactment of legislation, take other actions concerning improvement of the relationships between themselves or between each of them and other political or governmental subdivisions, agencies, or public corporations, whether federal, state or local, for the attainment of voluntary cooperation agreements, annexations, transfers of functions to or from such city, or to or from such county, or city-county consolidation or separation, or any other means of accomplishing changes in governmental organization in which such city or such county has an interest. Such city and such county may undertake such efforts alone or in concert with other political or governmental subdivisions, agencies, or public corporations, whether federal, state, or local, or with public or private research or professional organizations. Such city and such county may appropriate and spend money for such purposes.
(2) Any officer or employee, whether elected or appointed, of any county, may also simultaneously be and serve as an officer or employee of any such city of the primary class, referred to in subsection (1) of this section, which is the county seat of the county where such duties are not incompatible. Any officer or employee, whether elected or appointed, of a city of the primary class which is the county seat of a county may also simultaneously be and serve as an officer or employee of the county of which said city is the county seat where such duties are not incompatible; Provided, that this provision shall not apply to or cover the county board of such county or the mayor or members of the city council of such city.
Any action authorized under section 15-751 shall be taken only upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the board of commissioners of such county or a majority of the members of the city council and mayor of such city and when such action is taken by such governing body it shall be binding upon all officers and employees of such county or such city.
The city council shall have power to create ornamental lighting districts for the purpose of acquiring and installing ornamental lights, including poles, fixtures, wiring, underground conduits, and all necessary equipment and accessories, in or along any street, streets, public grounds, public way or ways, within the city. All such districts shall be known as ornamental lighting districts and shall be created by ordinance which shall designate the property within the district to be benefited. The city shall have power to advertise for bids for the installation, construction and equipment therefor, and to contract with the lowest responsible bidder therefor as authorized in its home rule charter. The cost thereof may be, in whole or in part, assessed proportionately to the benefits on the property specially benefited, and the city council shall have power and authority to fix the period of time for the payment of the special assessments, and to issue bonds, as authorized by the home rule charter.
The city council shall have power by ordinance to create public improvement districts for opening, widening, or enlarging of any street, alley, boulevard, or public way or the establishing or enlarging of any park or parkway within the city. Such special improvement district having been created, the city may require, by agreement, purchase, condemnation, or otherwise, the necessary lands, lots, or grounds to carry out the purposes of the district. The cost thereof may be, in whole or in part, assessed proportionate to benefits, on the property specially benefited. The city council shall have power and authority to fix the period of time for the payment of the special assessments, and to issue bonds, as authorized by the home rule charter.
A city of the primary class may adopt biennial budgets for biennial periods if such budgets are provided for by a city charter provision. For purposes of this section:
(1) Biennial budget means a budget that provides for a biennial period to determine and carry on the city's financial and taxing affairs; and
(2) Biennial period means the two fiscal years comprising a biennium commencing in odd-numbered or even-numbered years.
The city council shall constitute the board of equalization for the city, and shall have power as such board to equalize all taxes and assessments, to correct any errors in the listing or valuation of property, and to supply any omissions in the same. A majority of all the members elected to the council shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business properly before the board, but a less number may adjourn from time to time and compel the attendance of absent members. When sitting as a board of equalization on general or special taxes the council may adopt rules and regulations as to the manner of presenting complaints and applying for relief. It shall not invalidate or prejudice the proceedings of the board that a majority of the members thereof after organization as a board do not in fact continue present during the advertised hours for the sitting of such board; Provided, however, the clerk and some member of the board shall be present to receive complaints or applications for relief. No final action shall be taken with respect to any taxes or assessments by the board until a majority of the members of the council sitting as a board of equalization shall be present and in open session.
Notwithstanding any existing provisions to the contrary, whenever any city of the primary class has the county within which it is situated collect the taxes for the city, the officials of the county as designated by state law shall constitute a board of equalization for the city except as to special assessments of the city, and the dates when taxes of such city except special taxes shall be a lien or shall be due and payable or shall be delinquent shall be as provided by state law for taxes otherwise collected by the county.
The city council sitting as a board of equalization shall hold a session of not less than three or more than thirty days annually commencing on the first Tuesday after the third Monday in June and shall have power:
(1) To assess any taxable property, real and personal, not assessed;
(2) To review assessments made and correct the same as appears to be just. The board shall not increase the assessment of any person, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation until such person, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation has been notified by the board to appear and show cause, if any, why the assessment should not be increased. If personal service of such notice cannot be made in the city, notice may be given by publication and it shall be sufficient if such notice is published in one issue of a daily paper of general circulation within the city; and
(3) To equalize the assessments of all taxable property in the city and to correct any errors in the listing or value thereof. The city council sitting as a board of equalization shall be authorized and empowered to meet at any time for the purpose of equalizing assessment of any omitted or undervalued property and to add to the assessment rolls any taxable property not included.
The council shall act as a board to equalize all special assessments, except for sidewalks affecting single properties, before special taxes for local improvements be finally levied, distributed and apportioned, and to correct any errors therein, upon notice as provided herein. The board shall be in session not less than two hours on two successive days and until it hears all complaints owners may make to the proposed distribution and levy of the tax, and shall equalize the tax and correct errors therein. If by reduction of the amount charged on any property it is necessary to increase the proposed amount upon other property the owner shall be notified in person or at his residence, or by five days' publication if not a resident, or if changes are many, another distribution may be submitted by any member or any owner interested, and notice by five days' publication be given of a second session for equalization at which time the equalization shall be completed.
The council or any committee of the members thereof or the council, when sitting as a board of equalization, shall have power to compel the attendance of witnesses for the investigation of matters that may come before them, and the presiding officer of the council or chairman of such committee, for the time being, may administer the requisite oaths, and such council or committee or the council, when sitting as a board of equalization, shall have the same authority to compel the giving of testimony as is conferred on courts of justice.
If for any reason any taxable property in the city shall escape taxation in any year, it shall be the duty of the city council when sitting as a board of equalization in any subsequent year to assess such property at a fair valuation for the year or years for which such property should have been assessed, and to levy thereon under such assessment a tax at the same rate and upon the same basis that other taxable property was assessed for the year in which such property escaped taxation, which tax and levy shall be in addition to all current or other taxes on the same property.
As soon as the assessment roll shall have been equalized, and the annual levy made thereon, the city clerk shall immediately make out a tax list, which shall be as nearly as practicable in the form prescribed by law for the tax list to be furnished county treasurers, and he shall deliver such tax list to the city treasurer on or before the first day of October next after the date of the levy in each year. Errors in the name of persons assessed may be corrected by the treasurer and the tax collected from the person intended, and in case the treasurer finds that any land has been omitted in the assessment, he shall report that fact to the council, who may assess the same and direct the correction of the tax list as provided in this section and in section 15-811.
To each tax list so delivered a warrant under the hand of the city clerk shall be annexed, to be substantially in the following form:
In the name and by the authority of the State of Nebraska: To ............... city treasurer of the city of ............... in Nebraska;
You are hereby commanded to collect from each of the persons and corporations named in the annexed tax list and owners of real estate described therein the taxes set down in such list opposite their respective names, and the several parcels of land described therein; and in case any person or corporation upon whom any such tax or sum is imposed, or who by law is required to pay the same, shall refuse or neglect to pay the full amount thereof before the first day of March (or September), 20.... (insert year after levy), you are to levy and collect the same by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the person or corporation so taxed as are by law required to pay such tax.
Given under my hand and official seal this ............... day of ............... A.D. 20.... .
|City Clerk of the City of ........... .|
Such warrant shall fully authorize and empower the city treasurer to levy on any personal property belonging to such delinquent, and such warrant shall be a full and complete justification of the treasurer in any action brought to recover damages or costs for any act or proceeding by him done or taken in conformity with the commands thereof.
All municipal personal taxes shall be collected from the personal property of the person, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation owning the same. All delinquent municipal taxes levied on any real estate within such city shall be collected by sale of such real estate in the same manner as in case of sale for delinquent county taxes.
The mayor and council shall have full power and authority to pass ordinances not inconsistent with the laws of this state which they may deem necessary to secure a speedy and thorough collection of all municipal taxes and special assessments.
All municipal taxes and special assessments in the city shall be paid in cash, or in warrants of the city drawn on the fund for which the same is offered; Provided, coupons on any bonds of the city shall be received in payment of taxes or special assessments.
Taxes assessed upon personal property in the city shall be a lien upon the personal property of the person, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation assessed from and after the time the tax books are received by the treasurer. Such lien shall be prior and superior to all other liens thereon except liens for taxes.
Special assessments on real estate shall be a lien from the date of the levy, and interest on all unpaid installments shall be payable annually. Such lien shall be perpetual and superior to all other liens upon the property except liens for taxes. In case of sale of any property for such tax or special assessment the same shall be governed by the general revenue law, except as herein otherwise provided, and the rights and limitations shall be the same as in other tax sales; Provided, each installment shall draw interest at a rate not to exceed the rate of interest specified in section 45-104.01, as such rate may from time to time be adjusted by the Legislature, payable annually, from levy until due; and installments delinquent shall draw interest at the rate specified in section 45-104.01, as such rate may from time to time be adjusted by the Legislature, until paid.
The council shall have power in all cases where special assessments for any purpose have or may be declared void or invalid for want of jurisdiction in making or levying such special assessments, or on account of any defect or irregularity in the manner of levying the same, or for any cause whatever, to reassess and relevy a new assessment equal to the special benefits or not to exceed the cost of the improvement for which the assessment was made upon the property originally assessed, and such assessment so made shall constitute a lien upon the property prior and superior to all other liens except liens for taxes or other special assessments; Provided, in all cases under the provisions of this section the council before making any such reassessment or relevy of special taxes or assessments shall give five days' notice in a newspaper published and of general circulation in the city of the time when the council will meet to determine the matter of reassessing or relevying all such special assessments.
All taxes levied for the purpose of raising money to pay interest or to create a sinking fund for the payment of the principal of any funded or bonded debt of the city shall be payable in money only, and except as otherwise expressly provided no money so obtained shall be used for any other purpose than the payment of the interest or debt for the payment of which they shall have been raised; Provided, such sinking fund may, under the direction of the mayor and council, be invested in any of the underdue bonds issued by the city, provided they can be secured by the treasurer at such rate or premiums as shall be prescribed by ordinance. Any due or overdue coupon or bond shall be a sufficient warrant or order for the payment of the same out of any fund specially created for that purpose, without any further order or allowance by the mayor or council.
Irregularities in making assessments and returns thereof, in the equalization of assessments, and in the mode and manner of advertising the sale of any property shall not invalidate or affect the sale thereof when advertised and sold for delinquent city taxes and special assessments as herein provided; nor shall the sale of any real estate or any such tax or assessment be invalid on account of such real estate having been listed in the name of any other person than that of the rightful owner.
No bonds issued by the city which are general obligation bonds shall be sold for less than par or face value. All such bonds may contain such provisions with respect to their redemption as the city shall provide. There shall be no tax levy to pay more than the interest upon such bonds until the year before they become due, and then only so much as is needed to meet the bonds maturing the year after.
All money received from any special assessments shall be held by the treasurer as a special fund to be applied to the payment of the improvement for which the assessment was made, and such money shall be used for no other purpose; Provided, however, any surplus remaining in any such fund after all obligations against the same shall have been satisfied, may be transferred to any other fund by order of the council.
All liquidated and unliquidated claims and accounts payable against the city shall: (1) Be presented in writing; (2) state the name of the claimant and the amount of the claim; and (3) fully and accurately identify the items or services for which payment is claimed or the time, place, nature, and circumstances giving rise to the claim. The finance director shall be responsible for the preauditing and approval of all claims and accounts payable, and no warrant in payment of any claim or account payable shall be drawn or paid without such approval. In order to maintain an action for a claim, other than a tort claim as defined in section 13-903, it shall be necessary, as a condition precedent, that the claimant file such claim within one year of the accrual thereof, in the office of the city clerk, or other official whose duty it is to maintain the official records of a primary-class city.
Any taxpayer of the city, after the allowance in whole or in part of any liquidated or unliquidated claim, or the claimant, after the disallowance in whole or in part of any such claim, may appeal therefrom to the district court of the county in which the city is situated in accordance with the procedures set forth in sections 15-1201 to 15-1205. In an appeal by a taxpayer in case the claimant finally recovers judgment for as great a sum exclusive of interest as was allowed by the council, such appellant shall pay all costs of such appeal. In an appeal by a claimant in case claimant fails to recover as great a sum exclusive of interest as was allowed by the council, such claimant shall pay all costs. No warrant shall issue for the payment of any such claim until the appeal is finally determined. No appeal bond shall be required of the city by any court in case of appeal by the city, and judgment shall be stayed pending such appeal.
No bond for costs, appeal, supersedeas, injunction or attachment shall be required of any city of the primary class or of any officer, board, commission, head of any department, agent or employee of any such city in any proceeding or court action in which said city of the primary class or officer, board, commission, head of department, agent or employee is a party litigant in its or his official capacity.
Land, buildings, money, debts due the city, real and personal property, and assets of every kind and description belonging to any city of the primary class shall be exempt from execution liens and sales and shall be exempt from taxation to the extent used for a public purpose. Judgments against a city of the primary class shall be paid out of the judgment fund or out of a special fund created for that purpose.
The city treasurer of a city of the primary class shall deposit and at all times keep on deposit for safekeeping in the banks, in the capital stock financial institutions, in the qualifying mutual financial institutions, or in some of them doing business in such city of approved and responsible standing all money collected, received, or held by him or her as such city treasurer. Any such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution located in the city may apply for the privilege of keeping such money or any part thereof upon the following conditions: (1) All such deposits shall be subject to payment when demanded by the city treasurer; and (2) such deposits shall be subject to all regulations imposed by law or adopted by the city for the receiving and holding thereof. The fact that a stockholder, director, or other officer of such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution shall also be serving as mayor, as a member of the city council, or as any other officer of such municipality shall not disqualify such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution from acting as a depository for such municipal funds. Section 77-2366 shall apply to deposits in capital stock financial institutions. Section 77-2365.01 shall apply to deposits in qualifying mutual financial institutions.
For the security of the funds deposited as provided in section 15-845 the city treasurer shall require each depository to give bond for the safekeeping and payment of such deposits and the accretions to the deposit, which bond shall run to the city and be approved by the city attorney for form and legality. Such bond shall be conditioned that such a depository shall, at the end of every quarter, render to the treasurer a statement in duplicate showing the several daily balances, the amount of money of the city held by it during the quarter, the amount of the accretion to the deposit, and how credited. The bond shall also be conditioned that the depository shall pay such deposit and the accretion when demanded by the city treasurer at any time, perform as required by sections 15-845 to 15-847, and faithfully discharge the trust reposed in such depository. Such bond shall be as nearly as practicable in the form provided in section 77-2304. No person in any way connected with any depository as officer or stockholder shall be accepted as a surety on any bond given by the depository of which he or she is an officer or stockholder. Such bond shall be deposited with the city clerk. Section 77-2366 shall apply to deposits in capital stock financial institutions. Section 77-2365.01 shall apply to deposits in qualifying mutual financial institutions.
In lieu of the bond required by section 15-846, any bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution making application to become a depository may give security as provided in the Public Funds Deposit Security Act to the city treasurer. The penal sum of such bond or the sum of such security may be reduced in the amount of such deposit insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Section 77-2366 shall apply to deposits in capital stock financial institutions. Section 77-2365.01 shall apply to deposits in qualifying mutual financial institutions.
The city treasurer shall not have on deposit in any bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution at any time more than the maximum amount of the bond given by such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution if the bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution gives a surety bond, nor in any bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution giving a personal bond, more than one-half of the amount of the bond of such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution. The amount on deposit plus accretions at any time with any such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution shall not in either case exceed the paid-up capital stock and surplus of such bank, capital stock financial institution, or qualifying mutual financial institution. The city treasurer shall not be liable for any loss sustained by reason of the failure of any such bonded depository whose bond shall have been duly approved by the city attorney as provided by section 15-846 or which has, in lieu of a surety bond, given security as provided by section 15-847. Section 77-2366 shall apply to deposits in capital stock financial institutions. Section 77-2365.01 shall apply to deposits in qualifying mutual financial institutions.
The city treasurer may purchase certificates of deposit from and make time deposits in banks, capital stock financial institutions, or qualifying mutual financial institutions selected as depositories of city funds pursuant to sections 15-846 to 15-848. The certificates of deposit purchased and time deposits made shall bear interest and shall be secured as prescribed in such sections. The penal sum of such bond or the sum of such security shall be reduced in the amount of the time deposit or certificate of deposit insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Section 77-2366 shall apply to deposits in capital stock financial institutions. Section 77-2365.01 shall apply to deposits in qualifying mutual financial institutions.
Notwithstanding any charter or statutory provisions or restrictions, any municipal bidding procedure may be waived by the city council of a city of the primary class when required to comply with any federal grant, loan, or program.
No owner of real estate located in any city of the primary class or within three miles of the corporate limits of any city of the primary class, when such real estate is located in the same county as the city and outside of any organized city or village, shall be permitted to subdivide, plat, or lay out the real estate in building lots and streets, or other portions of the same intended to be dedicated for public use or for the use of the purchasers or owners of lots fronting thereon or adjacent thereto, without first having obtained approval by the city planning commission and, when applicable, having complied with sections 39-1311 to 39-1311.05. No plat or subdivision of such real estate shall be recorded in the office of the register of deeds or have any force or effect unless the same is approved by the city planning commission. A city of the primary class shall have authority within the area to regulate the subdivision of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of transferring ownership or building development, except that the city shall have no power to regulate subdivision in those instances where the smallest parcel created is more than ten acres in area. A city of the primary class shall have authority within the area to prescribe standards for laying out subdivisions in harmony with the comprehensive plan; to require the installation of improvements by the owner, by the creation of public improvement districts, or by requiring a good and sufficient bond guaranteeing installation of such improvements; and to require the dedication of land for public purposes.
For purposes of this section, subdivision shall mean the division of a lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more lots, sites, or other divisions of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of ownership or building development, except that the division of land shall not be considered to be subdivision when the smallest parcel created is more than ten acres in area.
Subdivision plats shall be approved by the city planning commission on recommendation by the city planning director and public works and utilities department. The city planning commission may withhold approval of a plat until the public works and utilities department has certified that the improvements required by the regulations have been satisfactorily installed, until a sufficient bond guaranteeing installation of the improvements has been posted, or until public improvement districts are created. The city council may provide procedures in land subdivision regulations for appeal by any person aggrieved by any action of the city planning commission or city planning director on any plat.
(1) Every city of the primary class shall have power in the area which is within the city or within three miles of the corporate limits of the city and outside of any organized city or village to regulate and restrict: (a) The location, height, bulk, and size of buildings and other structures; (b) the percentage of a lot that may be occupied; (c) the size of yards, courts, and other open spaces; (d) the density of population; and (e) the locations and uses of buildings, structures, and land for trade, industry, business, residences, and other purposes. Such city shall have power to divide the area zoned into districts of such number, shape, and area as may be best suited to carry out the purposes of this section and to regulate, restrict, or prohibit the erection, construction, reconstruction, alteration, or use of buildings, structures, or land within the total area zoned or within districts. All such regulations shall be uniform for each class or kind of buildings throughout each district, but regulations applicable to one district may differ from those applicable to other districts. Such zoning regulations shall be designed to secure safety from fire, flood, and other dangers and to promote the public health, safety, and general welfare and shall be made with consideration having been given to the character of the various parts of the area zoned and their peculiar suitability for particular uses and types of development and with a view to conserving property values and encouraging the most appropriate use of land throughout the area zoned, in accordance with a comprehensive plan. Such zoning regulations may include reasonable provisions regarding nonconforming uses and their gradual elimination.
(2)(a) The city shall not adopt or enforce any zoning ordinance or regulation which prohibits the use of land for a proposed residential structure for the sole reason that the proposed structure is a manufactured home if such manufactured home bears an appropriate seal which indicates that it was constructed in accordance with the standards of the Uniform Standard Code for Manufactured Homes and Recreational Vehicles, the Nebraska Uniform Standards for Modular Housing Units Act, or the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. The city may require that a manufactured home be located and installed according to the same standards for foundation system, permanent utility connections, setback, and minimum square footage which would apply to a site-built, single-family dwelling on the same lot. The city may also require that manufactured homes meet the following standards:
(i) The home shall have no less than nine hundred square feet of floor area;
(ii) The home shall have no less than an eighteen-foot exterior width;
(iii) The roof shall be pitched with a minimum vertical rise of two and one-half inches for each twelve inches of horizontal run;
(iv) The exterior material shall be of a color, material, and scale comparable with those existing in residential site-built, single-family construction;
(v) The home shall have a nonreflective roof material which is or simulates asphalt or wood shingles, tile, or rock; and
(vi) The home shall have wheels, axles, transporting lights, and removable towing apparatus removed.
(b) The city may not require additional standards unless such standards are uniformly applied to all single-family dwellings in the zoning district.
(c) Nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to supersede any valid restrictive covenants of record.
(3) For purposes of this section, manufactured home shall mean (a) a factory-built structure which is to be used as a place for human habitation, which is not constructed or equipped with a permanent hitch or other device allowing it to be moved other than to a permanent site, which does not have permanently attached to its body or frame any wheels or axles, and which bears a label certifying that it was built in compliance with National Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards, 24 C.F.R. 3280 et seq., promulgated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, or (b) a modular housing unit as defined in section 71-1557 bearing a seal in accordance with the Nebraska Uniform Standards for Modular Housing Units Act.
Every city of the primary class shall have power to regulate in the area which is within the city or within three miles of the corporate limits of the city and outside of any organized city or village, and except as to construction on farmsteads outside of the corporate limits (1) the minimum standards of construction of buildings, dwellings and other structures, in order to provide safe and sound condition thereof for the preservation of health, safety, security and general welfare, which standards may include regulations as to electric wiring, heating, plumbing, pipefitting, sewer connections, ventilation, size of habitable rooms, and the method of constructing buildings, dwellings and other structures, and to provide for inspection thereof, and building permits and fees therefor, (2) the removal and tearing down of buildings, dwellings, and other structures in such areas which constitute nuisances because of the dilapidated, unsafe, or rundown condition or conditions, and (3) except as to the United States of America, the State of Nebraska, a county or village, in the area outside of the corporate limits of the city of the primary class, the nature, kind, and manner of constructing streets, alleys, sidewalks, curbing or abridging curbs, driveway approaches constructed on or to public right-of-way, and sewage disposal facilities. A farmstead is defined as property of twenty acres or more which produces one thousand dollars or more of farm products each year.
Notwithstanding any other language in Laws 1947, c. 23, sections 1 to 22, it is specifically provided that the provisions of article 2, Chapter 35, in effect for firemen of cities of the primary class on September 7, 1947, at variance with the provisions of Laws 1947, c. 23, sections 1 to 22, shall be controlling and supersede the provisions of Laws 1947, c. 23, sections 1 to 22, as to all persons who were members of such fire department on such date and the widows and children of all such members.
(1) A city of the primary class which has a city pension and retirement plan or fund, or a city fire and police pension plan or fund, or both, may provide by ordinance as authorized by its home rule charter, and not prohibited by the Constitution of Nebraska, for the investment of any plan or fund, and it may provide that (a) such a city shall place in trust any part of such plan or fund, (b) it shall place in trust any part of any such plan or fund with a corporate trustee in Nebraska, or (c) it shall purchase any part of any such plan from a life insurance company licensed to do business in the State of Nebraska. The powers conferred by this section shall be independent of and in addition and supplemental to any other provisions of the laws of the State of Nebraska with reference to the matters covered hereby and this section shall be considered as a complete and independent act and not as amendatory of or limited by any other provision of the laws of the State of Nebraska.
(2)(a) Beginning December 31, 1998, and each December 31 thereafter, the clerk of a city of the primary class shall file with the Public Employees Retirement Board an annual report on each retirement plan established pursuant to this section, section 15-1026, and section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code and shall submit copies of such report to the Auditor of Public Accounts. The Auditor of Public Accounts may prepare a review of such report pursuant to section 84-304.02 but is not required to do so. The annual report shall be in a form prescribed by the Public Employees Retirement Board and shall contain the following information for each such retirement plan:
(i) The number of persons participating in the retirement plan;
(ii) The contribution rates of participants in the plan;
(iii) Plan assets and liabilities;
(iv) The names and positions of persons administering the plan;
(v) The names and positions of persons investing plan assets;
(vi) The form and nature of investments;
(vii) For each defined contribution plan, a full description of investment policies and options available to plan participants; and
(viii) For each defined benefit plan, the levels of benefits of participants in the plan, the number of members who are eligible for a benefit, and the total present value of such members' benefits, as well as the funding sources which will pay for such benefits.
If a plan contains no current active participants, the city clerk may file in place of such report a statement with the Public Employees Retirement Board indicating the number of retirees still drawing benefits, and the sources and amount of funding for such benefits.
(b) Beginning December 31, 1998, and every four years thereafter, if such retirement plan is a defined benefit plan, the city council of a city of the primary class shall cause to be prepared a quadrennial report and shall file the same with the Public Employees Retirement Board and submit to the Auditor of Public Accounts a copy of such report. The Auditor of Public Accounts may prepare a review of such report pursuant to section 84-304.02 but is not required to do so. The report shall consist of a full actuarial analysis of each such retirement plan established pursuant to this section and section 15-1026. The analysis shall be prepared by an independent private organization or public entity employing actuaries who are members in good standing of the American Academy of Actuaries, and which organization or entity has demonstrated expertise to perform this type of analysis and is unrelated to any organization offering investment advice or which provides investment management services to the retirement plan.
Any city of the primary class may establish a fire and police pension fund. Such city may anticipate its liability for future pension payments on an actuarial basis and, in order to equalize the tax burden over a period of years, may levy and collect taxes in each fiscal year sufficient to meet current needs and equalize the future payments. The tax so levied and collected, together with contributions made by firefighters and police officers, shall be credited to the fund. Any unexpended balance remaining in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall be reappropriated for the ensuing year. Pension payments required by law shall be a general obligation of the city and may be made out of, but not limited to, the fund.
Nothing in sections 15-1001.01, 15-1007.02, 15-1007.05, 15-1013.02, and 15-1022 to 15-1026, the repeal of any sections in Chapter 15, article 10, or the unilateral action of any city of the primary class shall in any manner diminish the right of any person receiving or entitled to receive, now or in the future, pension or other benefits provided for in Chapter 15, article 10, as the sections of such article existed immediately prior to the repeal of any such sections, to receive such pension or other benefits in all respects the same as if such repealed sections remained in full force and effect.
In any city of the primary class there shall be created a planning department, which shall consist of a city planning commission, a planning director, and such subordinate employees as are required to administer the planning program hereinafter set forth. The planning director shall serve as the secretary of the city planning commission and as the administrative head of the planning department.
The general plan for the improvement and development of the city of the primary class shall be known as the comprehensive plan. This plan for governmental policies and action shall include the pattern and intensity of land use, the provision of public facilities including transportation and other governmental services, the effective development and utilization of human and natural resources, the identification and evaluation of area needs including housing, employment, education, and health and the formulation of programs to meet such needs, surveys of structures and sites determined to be of historic, cultural, archaeological, or architectural significance or value, long-range physical and fiscal plans for governmental policies and action, and coordination of all related plans and activities of the state and local governments and agencies concerned. The comprehensive plan, with the accompanying maps, plats, charts and descriptive and explanatory materials, shall show the recommendations concerning the physical development pattern of such city and of any land outside its boundaries related thereto, taking into account the availability of and need for conserving land and other irreplaceable natural resources, the preservation of sites of historic, cultural, archaeological, and architectural significance or value, the projected changes in size, movement, and composition of population, the necessity for expanding housing and employment opportunities, and the need for methods of achieving modernization, simplification, and improvements in governmental structures, systems, and procedures related to growth objectives. The comprehensive plan shall, among other things, show:
(1) The general location, character, and extent of existing and proposed streets and highways and railroad, air, and other transportation routes and terminals;
(2) Existing and proposed public ways, parks, grounds, and open spaces;
(3) The general location, character, and extent of schools, school grounds, and other educational facilities and properties;
(4) The general location and extent of existing and proposed public utility installations;
(5) The general location and extent of community development and housing activities;
(6) The general location of existing and proposed public buildings, structures, and facilities; and
(7) When a new comprehensive plan or a full update to an existing comprehensive plan is developed on or after July 15, 2010, but not later than January 1, 2015, an energy element which: Assesses energy infrastructure and energy use by sector, including residential, commercial, and industrial sectors; evaluates utilization of renewable energy sources; and promotes energy conservation measures that benefit the community.
The comprehensive plan shall include a land-use plan showing the proposed general distribution and general location of business and industry, residential areas, utilities, and recreational, educational, and other categories of public and private land uses. The land-use plan shall also show the recommended standards of population density based upon population estimates and providing for activities for which space should be supplied within the area covered by the plan. The comprehensive plan shall include and show proposals for acquisition, extension, widening, narrowing, removal, vacation, abandonment, sale, and other actions affecting public improvements.
The planning director shall be responsible for preparing the comprehensive plan and amendments and extensions thereto and for submitting such plans and modifications to the city planning commission for its consideration and action. The commission shall review such plans and modifications and those which the city council may suggest and, after holding at least one public hearing on each proposed action, shall provide its recommendations to the city council within a reasonable period of time. The city council shall review the recommendations of the planning commission and, after at least one public hearing on each proposed action, shall adopt or reject such plans as submitted, except that the city council may, by an affirmative vote of at least five members of the city council, adopt a plan or amendments to the proposed plan different from that recommended by the planning commission.
When the city is considering the adoption or amendment of a zoning ordinance or the approval of the platting or replatting of any development of real estate, the planning director shall notify any military installation which is located within the corporate boundary limits or the extraterritorial zoning jurisdiction of the city if the city has received a written request for such notification from the military installation. The planning director shall deliver the notification to the military installation at least ten days prior to the meeting of the planning commission at which the proposal is to be considered.
No ordinance or resolution which deals with the acquisition, extension, widening, narrowing, removal, vacation, abandonment, sale or other change relating to any public way, transportation route, ground, open space, building or structure, or other public improvement of a character included in the comprehensive plan, the subject matter of which has not been reported on by the planning department under the provisions of section 15-1103, shall be adopted by the council until such ordinance or resolution shall first have been referred to the planning department and that department has reported regarding conformity of the proposed action with the comprehensive plan. The department's report shall specify the character and degree of conformity or nonconformity of each proposed action to the comprehensive plan, and a report in writing thereon shall be rendered to the council within thirty days after the date of receipt of the referral unless a longer period is granted by the council. If the department fails to render any such report within the allotted time, the approval of the department may be presumed by the council.
The planning director shall be responsible for preparing the zoning ordinance and for submitting it to the city planning commission for its consideration and action. The commission shall review the proposed zoning ordinance and, after holding at least one public hearing on each proposed action, shall approve or reject it in whole or in part and with or without modifications. When approved by the commission, the proposed ordinance shall be submitted to the council for its consideration, and the zoning ordinance shall become effective when adopted by the council. The city council of such primary city may amend, supplement, or otherwise modify the zoning ordinance. Any such proposed amendment, supplement or modification shall first be submitted to the planning commission for its recommendations and report. The planning commission shall hold at least one public hearing with relation thereto, before submitting its recommendations and report. After the recommendations and report of the planning commission have been filed, the city council shall, before enacting any proposed amendment, supplement or modification, hold a public hearing in relation thereto. Notice of the time and place of hearings above referred to shall be given by publication thereof in a paper of general circulation in the city at least one time at least five days before the date of hearing. Notice with reference to proposed amendments, supplements or modifications of the zoning ordinance shall also be posted in a conspicuous place on or near the property upon which the action is pending. Such notice shall be easily visible from the street, and shall be posted at least five days before the hearing.
There may be created a board of zoning appeals comprised of five members appointed by the mayor and confirmed by the council, which board shall have power to hear and decide appeals from any decision or order of the building inspector or other officers charged with the enforcement of the zoning ordinance in those cases when it is alleged that such decision or order is in error. The board shall also have power to decide upon petitions for variances and, subject to such standards and procedures as the council may provide in the zoning ordinance, to vary the strict application of sign regulations or height, area, parking, or density requirements to the extent necessary to permit the owner a reasonable use of his or her land in those specific instances when there are peculiar, exceptional, and unusual circumstances in connection with a specific parcel of land, which circumstances are not generally found within the locality or neighborhood concerned. The board may also have such related duties as the mayor or council may assign. The council may provide for appeals from a decision of the board.
Any person or persons, jointly or severally aggrieved by any final administrative or judicial order or decision of the board of zoning appeals, the board of equalization, the city council, or any officer or department or board of a city of the primary class, shall, except as provided for claims in sections 15-840 to 15-842.01, appeal from such order or decision to the district court in the manner herein prescribed.
(1) The party appealing shall within thirty days after the date of the order or decision complained of (a) file a notice of appeal with the city clerk specifying the parties taking the appeal and the order or decision appealed from and serve a copy of the notice upon the city attorney and (b) deposit the fees and bond or undertaking required pursuant to subsection (2) of this section or file an affidavit pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. The notice of appeal shall serve as a praecipe for a transcript.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the appellant shall:
(a) Deposit with the city clerk a docket fee in the amount of the filing fee in district court for cases originally commenced in district court;
(b) Deposit with the city clerk a cash bond or undertaking with at least one good and sufficient surety approved by the city clerk, in the amount of two hundred dollars, on condition that the appellant will satisfy any judgment and costs that may be adjudged against him or her; and
(c) Deposit with the city clerk the fees for the preparation of a certified and complete transcript of the proceedings of the city relating to the order or decision appealed.
(3)(a) An appellant may file with the city clerk an affidavit alleging that the appellant is indigent. The filing of such an affidavit shall relieve the appellant of the duty to deposit any fee, bond, or undertaking required by subsection (2) of this section as a condition for the preparation of the transcript or the perfecting of the appeal by the appellant subject to the determination of the court as provided in section 15-1204. In conjunction with the filing of the petition for appeal as provided for in section 15-1204, the appellant shall file a copy of the affidavit alleging his or her indigency and the district court shall rule upon the issue of indigency prior to the consideration of any other matter relating to the appeal as provided in section 15-1204.
(b) An appellant determined to be indigent under this subsection shall not be required to deposit any fee, bond, or undertaking required by subsection (2) of this section. For purposes of this section, indigent means the inability to financially pursue the appeal without prejudicing the appellant's ability to provide economic necessities for the appellant or the appellant's family.
(c) An appellant determined not to be indigent shall, within thirty days after the determination, deposit with the city clerk the fees and bond or undertaking required by subsection (2) of this section. The appeal shall not proceed further until the city clerk notifies the court that the appropriate deposit has been made.
(1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, the city clerk, on payment to him or her of the costs of the transcript, shall transmit within fifteen days to the clerk of the district court the docket fee and a certified and complete transcript of the proceedings of the city relating to the order or decision appealed. After receipt of such fee and transcript, the clerk of the district court shall docket the appeal.
(2) If the appellant files an affidavit alleging that he or she is indigent pursuant to section 15-1202, the city clerk shall transmit within fifteen days to the clerk of the district court a certified and complete transcript of the proceedings of the city relating to the order or decision appealed. After receipt of the transcript, the clerk of the district court shall docket the appeal.
(1) The party appealing shall file a petition within thirty days after the date the transcript is filed in the district court.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, satisfaction of the requirements of subsections (1) and (2) of section 15-1202 and subsection (1) of this section shall perfect the appeal and give the district court jurisdiction of the matter appealed.
(3) Indigency shall be determined by the district court having jurisdiction of the appeal upon motion of the appellant before the court considers any other matter relating to the appeal. The court shall make a reasonable inquiry to determine the appellant's financial condition and shall consider such factors as the appellant's income, the availability to the appellant of other resources, including real and personal property, bank accounts, social security benefits, and unemployment or other benefits, the appellant's normal living expenses, the appellant's outstanding debts, the number and age of the appellant's dependents, and other relevant circumstances. If the appellant is deemed to be indigent, the satisfaction of the requirements of subsections (1) and (3) of section 15-1202 and subsection (1) of this section shall perfect the appeal and give the district court jurisdiction of the matter appealed.
The district court shall hear the appeal as in equity and without a jury and determine anew all questions raised before the city. The court may reverse or affirm, wholly or partly, or may modify the order or decision brought up for review. Either party may appeal from the decision of the district court to the Court of Appeals.
(1) City shall mean any city of the primary class;
(2) Federal government shall mean the United States of America, or any agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the United States of America; and
(3) Community development activity shall mean any activity authorized in sections 18-2101 to 18-2144, construction of community facilities, conservation and rehabilitation of property, neighborhood development, code enforcement and all of the jurisdiction and authority granted a housing authority under Chapter 71, article 15.
A city which has a community development agency as authorized by law is hereby granted power and authority to:
(1) Do all community development activities;
(2) Do all things necessary to cooperate with the federal government in all matters relating to community development activities as a grantee, or as agent or otherwise; and
(3) Exercise the jurisdiction and authority granted under Chapter 71, article 15, acting independently, concurrently or by assisting or cooperating with any existing housing authority within the territorial jurisdiction of the city.
Whenever a city proposes to exercise the power conferred in sections 15-1301 to 15-1307, the city shall certify that it has afforded adequate opportunity for citizen participation in the development of the annual application and has provided for the meaningful involvement of the residents of areas in which community development activities are to be concentrated in the planning and execution of these activities, including the provision of adequate information and resources.
Whenever the city exercises the power conferred in sections 15-1301 to 15-1307, it shall have the power to levy taxes for the exercise of such jurisdiction and authority, and it shall also have the power to issue general obligation bonds, general obligation notes, revenue bonds and revenue notes including general obligation and revenue refunding bonds and notes for a community development activity under the power granted to any authority described or as otherwise authorized by home rule charter or state law.
Whenever any city shall exercise the jurisdiction and authority granted in sections 15-1301 to 15-1307 with respect to Chapter 71, article 15, it shall have the jurisdiction and authority concurrent with and independent of any existing housing authority for such purposes within the city and its area of jurisdiction; Provided, that in order to coordinate the actions of the local housing authority and the community development agency, the local housing authority shall submit to the city council of such city, prior to the date it submits its annual budget request to the federal government, a complete report of its activities during the past calendar year and a complete description of its proposed actions for the coming calendar year. Such report shall include the number of units added to or removed from the authority's programs, the number of families housed by the authority, the number applying who were not housed and the reasons for their not being housed, the sources and amounts of all funds spent or to be spent and the amounts available for use in its housing programs that have not been used, and the policies of the authority on eligibility, admissions, occupancy, termination of tenancies, and grievance procedures. Such report shall be made available to the public upon its delivery to the city council, and shall be subject to public hearing prior to its formal acceptance by the council.
Whenever any city shall exercise the jurisdiction and authority granted in sections 15-1301 to 15-1307 it shall comply with Chapter 76, article 12, regarding the acquisition of property for publicly financed projects.